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22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone

Implications of JET-ILW L-H Transition Studies for ITER

24 Oct 2018, 17:00
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Gandhinagar (nearest Airport: Ahmedabad), India
Oral EXC - Magnetic Confinement Experiments: Confinement EX/4-TH/2 H-Mode & Pedestal


Dr Jon Hillesheim (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy)


Unraveling the conditions that permit access to H-mode continues to be an unresolved physics issue for tokamaks, and accurate extrapolations are important for planning ITER operations and DEMO design constraints. Experiments have been performed in JET, with the ITER-like W/Be wall, to increase the confidence of predictions for the L-H transition power threshold in ITER. These studies have broadly confirmed established dependencies of $P_{LH}$, reduced uncertainties in extrapolations, and highlighted the largest remaining sources of uncertainty. We have also obtained unexpected results with direct relevance for lowering $P_{LH}$ during the non-active phase of ITER operation. A database has been compiled of JET-ILW $P_{LH}$ measurements spanning a range of plasma magnetic geometries, density and toroidal magnetic field values, hydrogen isotopes, ion species mixtures, effects from impurity seeding, and differences in heating and momentum sources. Regression analysis of the database shows in comparison to past scaling studies and to JET-C results, $P_{LH}$ is lower for matched density and magnetic field; however, the exponents for density and magnetic field are larger, resulting in possibly reduced threshold at low magnetic field operation in ITER, but increased values at full field operation. The single largest uncertainty in extrapolating to ITER is the effect of the divertor configuration, a factor of two difference in JET alone. The minimum of the density dependence of $P_{LH}$ also moves to about a 30% higher value in H than D. The dependence of $P_{LH}$ was also studied in mixed species plasmas. It was found that most of the variation in H-D mixtures was at less than 20% or more than 80% H concentration, with little variation in between. Helium-4 fuelling into H plasmas was also performed, resulting in a ~25% reduction of the threshold with up to about 10% He concentration. This reduction in L-H threshold in H-He mixtures may have application for the non-active phase of ITER operations. Detailed hydrogen and helium concentration analysis, transport simulations, and ICRH power deposition calculations have been performed to constrain interpretation of the mixed ion species effects. We will summarize results across all JET-ILW $P_{LH}$ data and the implications of the conclusions for ITER.
Country or International Organization United Kingdom
Paper Number EX/4-1

Primary author

Dr Jon Hillesheim (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy)


Dr Aleksander Drenik (IPP) Dr Alexander Huber (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Institut für Energie- und Klimaforschung – Plasmaphysik) Dr Amanda Hubbard (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Science and Fusion Center) Dr Athina Kappatou (IPP) Dr Bartosz Lomanowski (Aalto University) Dr Carine Giroud (CCFE) Dr Costanza Maggi (CCFE) Dr Elena de la Luna (CIEMAT) Dr Emilia R. Solano (EsCiemat) Dr Emmanuele Peluso (University of Rome, ``Tor Vergata'') Dr Ephrem Delabie (ORNL) Dr Ernesto Augusto Lerche (LPP-ERM/KMS) Dr Eva Belonohy (JET Exploitation Unit) Dr Fernanda Rimini (CCFE) Dr Geert Verdoolaege (Ghent University) Dr Hendrik Meyer (UK Atomic Energy Authority) Dr Hyun-Tae Kim (EUROfusion Consortium JET) Dr Isabel Maria Ferreira Nunes (IPFN/IST) Dr Ivo Carvalho (IST) Dr Joerg Hobirk (IPP) Dr Mervi Mansinen (Barcelona Supercomputing Center, ICREA) Dr Michela Gelfusa (University of Rome, ``Tor Vergata') Dr Mike Stamp (CCFE) Philip A. Schneider (Max-Planck-Institiut für Plasmaphysik) Dr Sheena Menmuir (CCFE)

Presentation Materials