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22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone

Simulations of Tokamak Boundary Plasma Turbulent Transport

26 Oct 2018, 08:30
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Gandhinagar (nearest Airport: Ahmedabad), India
Poster P7 Posters


Xueqiao Xu (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)


The BOUT++ code has been used to simulate edge plasma electromagnetic (EM) turbulent transport and to study the role of EM turbulence in setting the scrape-off layer (SOL) widths. More than a dozen tokamak discharges from C-Mod, DIII-D, EAST, ITER, and CFETR have been simulated with encouraging success. The simulation results reproduce the measured pedestal turbulence characteristics and the SOL widths. The principal results are: (1) the blobby turbulence originates in the pedestal peak pressure gradient region inside the magnetic separatrix and nonlinearly spreads across the separatrix. The electromagnetic fluctuations provide anomalous transport, which causes particle and heat to be turbulently transported radially down their gradients across the separatrix into the SOL. The electromagnetic fluctuations show the characteristics of both quasi-coherent-modes (QCMs) and broadband turbulence. (2) For simulations of C-Mod EDA H-mode plasmas, the mode spectra are in agreement with the phase contrast imaging data; radial location of the mode is generally consistent with measurements localizing QCMs to the pedestal/separatrix region. For simulations of EAST H-mode plasmas, the mode spectra are in agreement with the probe, interferometer, and POINT diagnostics. A series of simulations also shows that the edge bootstrap current plays a critical role to shift the most unstable mode to lower toroidal mode number, narrow the mode spectrum and enhance radial transport. Therefore, it is suggested to control the peeling modes and associated transport by introducing edge current drive to cancel bootstrap current, for example, by means of lower hybrid waves. This may lead to suppression/mitigation of type-I ELMs and facilitate access to the grassy ELM regime, thus opening a potentially new avenue for steady-state operations in ITER, CFETR and beyond.
Country or International Organization United States of America
Paper Number TH/P7-21

Primary author

Xueqiao Xu (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)


Mr Bin Chen (University of Science and Technology of China) Dr Brian LaBombard (MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center) Dr Eric Edlund (MIT) Jerry Hughes (MIT PSFC) Mr Jianguo Chen (Peking University) Prof. Miklos Porkolab (MIT) Mrs Nami Li (Dalian University of Technology) Mr Tengfei Tang (Dalian University of Technology) Mr Tianyang XIa (Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) Dr Yumin Wang (5Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) Zeyu Li (Peking University)

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