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22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone
CONFERENCE MATERIAL NOW AVAILABLE!

Pitch Angle Dynamics and Synchrotron Emission of Runaway Electrons in Quiescent and Disrupted DIII-D Plasmas

25 Oct 2018, 11:45
20m
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Gandhinagar (nearest Airport: Ahmedabad), India
Oral THS - Magnetic Confinement Theory and Modelling: Stability EX/6-TH/4 Runways & Disruption Mitigation

Speaker

Dr Leopoldo Carbajal (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

Description

We present the validation of theoretical models for the pitch-angle probability distribution function (PDF) of runaway electrons (RE), through simulations of synchrotron radiation (SR) in DIII-D quiescent [1] and disrupted [2] plasmas for which the energy PDF is known from measurements but the pitch-angle PDF is poorly understood. SR of RE in magnetically confinement fusion plasmas is important because it provides a limiting mechanism of the maximum energy that RE can reach, and because it can be used as a diagnostic to infer parameters of the RE energy and pitch-angle PDFs. Recent studies using the SR synthetic diagnostic [3,4] showed that SR depends on the RE energy, and more strongly on their pitch-angle PDF. Our simulations of RE in quiescent plasmas recover the typical visible SR in DIII-D when the spreading in the initial RE pitch-angle is less than the predicted by simplified theory that only consider the balance of electric field pinching in pitch angle and collisional pitch-angle scattering. We also present results of simulated infrared SR of RE in DIII-D disrupted plasmas after following their dynamics for tens of ms to find a better estimate for their pitch-angle PDF that takes into account the full-orbit dynamics of RE [5], SR energy losses, the acceleration of the electric field, the magnetic field geometry, and collisions with the background plasma and impurities through the use of experimental impurity density profiles. [1] C. Paz-Soldan et al., PRL 118, 255002 (2017); [2] E. M. Hollmann et al., PoP 22, 56108 (2015); [3] L. Carbajal et al., PPCF 59, 124001 (2017); [4] D. del-Castillo-Negrete et al., PoP accepted (2018); [5] L. Carbajal et al., PoP 24, 042512 (2017) *Research sponsored by the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences of the U.S. DOE at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, managed by UT-Battelle, LLC, for the U.S. DOE under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725, and by the Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Research sponsored by the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences of the U.S. DOE under contracts DE-FC02-04ER54698, DE-FG02-07ER54917. This research used resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, a DOE Office of Science User Facility supported by the Office of Science of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231.
Country or International Organization United States of America
Paper Number TH/4-3

Primary author

Dr Leopoldo Carbajal (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

Co-authors

Dr Carlos Paz-Soldan (General Atomics) Charles Lasnier (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Diego del-Castillo-Negrete (Fusion Energy Division. Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Dr Eric M. Hollmann (University of California San Diego) Dr Richard Moyer (University of California San Diego)

Presentation Materials

Paper