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# 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference - IAEA CN-258

22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone
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## The ITER baseline scenario investigated at ASDEX Upgrade

26 Oct 2018, 14:00
4h 45m
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Poster

### Speaker

Dr Thomas Pütterich (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik)

### Description

At ASDEX Upgrade experiments have been performed, in which important features of the ITER baseline (ITER BL) scenario are matched or imitated. A crucial property of the ITER BL scenario is the combination of $q_{95}=3$ with strong plasma shaping, which leads to ELM frequencies ($f_{ELM}$) as low as 10Hz, while the ELMs are very large. One consequence of the low $f_{ELM}$ is that access to ITER-relevant collisionalities has been hindered as a strong deuterium (D) gas puff is required to control the W-concentration. The large D gas puff is also suspected [1] to diminish the energy confinement leading to $H_{98(y,2)}$-factors in the range of 0.85 at the relevant $\beta_N=1.8$, while the Greenwald fraction ($f_{GW}$) is at relevant levels (~0.85). In order to achieve the desired performance, strategies for confinement improvement are investigated, such as increasing $q_{95}=3$ while decreasing the D gas puff or applying N-seeding. However, these routes do not seem to be able to recover sufficient confinement. While exploring strategies to go towards low $\nu^\ast$ in the ITER BL scenario, the use of MP-coils yielded a breakthrough allowing for an almost match of ITER collisionalities, i.e. $\nu^\ast/\nu^\ast_{ITER}\approx3$, and for a clear decoupling of ion and electron heat fluxes. The low collisionalities were obtained by density pump-out of more than a factor of 2, while the confinement is almost not diminished. When extrapolating $\beta_N$ of such a phase heated with NBI and ICRH to ITER relevant values, sufficient confinement is expected. At the same time ELMs are either very small or even suppressed in some cases. However, when MP-coils are applied to the high density ITER BL scenario matching $f_{GW}$ instead of $\nu^\ast$, only a small pump-out effect (~10%) and almost no effect on the ELM size is observed. The density dependence of the MP-coil effectiveness is consistent with [2]. In order to mitigate ELMs at high density, pellet pace making, strong gas puffing or a slight shape or position change proved to be more efficient than the application of MP coils. It is remarkable that corresponding high density discharges in helium behave very similarly, w.r.t. the negligible MP coil effect and the accomplishment of small ELMs at large neutral helium density. [1] J. Schweinzer et al, NF 56, 2016; [2] N. Leutholt et al, PPCF 59, 2017
Country or International Organization Germany EX/P8-4

### Primary author

Dr Thomas Pütterich (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik)

### Co-authors

Dr Athina Kappatou (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, D-85748 Garching, Germany) Dr Joerg Stober (IPP Garching) Dr Josef Schweinzer (IPP Garching) Mr Luis Guimarais (Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear, IST, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal) Dr Marco Cavedon (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, D-85748 Garching, Germany) Dr Matthias Willensdorfer (IPP Garching) Prof. Mervi J Mantsinen (Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) and ICREA, Barcelona, Spain) Dr Mike Dunne (IPP-Garching) Dr Olivier Sauter (Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Swiss Plasma Center, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland) Dr Peter Lang (Max-Planck-Institut fűr Plasmaphysik) Dr Rachael McDermott (Max Planck Institut für Plasmaphysik) Dr Volodymyr Bobkov (Max-Planck-Institute for Plasma Physics) Dr Wolfgang Suttrop (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik)