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22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone
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Interactions of runaway electrons with Alfvén and whistler waves

26 Oct 2018, 14:00
4h 45m
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Gandhinagar (nearest Airport: Ahmedabad), India
Poster P8 Posters

Speaker

Dr Donald Spong (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

Description

Runaway electrons are of significant interest in tokamaks due to their potential for damage to plasma facing components. Runaways are of particular concern following disruptions when the plasma undergoes a thermal quench and a subsequent current quench; these lead to large loop voltages that can rapidly create runaways. Due to the risks of performing intense runaway experiments, the generation of runaways and the rate at which they can be suppressed is a crucial issue for modeling. Comparison of electric field thresholds from a range of tokamaks with theoretical predictions has shown that the observed thresholds have generally been higher than predictions [R. S. Granetz, B. Esposito, J. H. Kim, R. Koslowski, et al., Physics of Plasmas **21**, 072506 (2014)]. This discrepancy can exist for a variety of reasons, but runaway-driven instabilities and scattering from plasma waves are mechanisms not taken into account in the existing predictions. In this paper, examples of both resonant and non-resonant runaway interactions with Alfvén and whistler waves are analyzed and compared with recent DIII-D experiments [D. A. Spong, W.W. Heidbrink, C. Paz-Soldan, et al., submitted to PRL (2018)]. The analysis is based on relativistic Monte Carlo models that include runaway/partially ionized impurity collisions, synchrotron radiation, and wave mode structures. The mode structures are calculated using the TAEFL/FAR3D gyrofluid models (for Alfvén instabilities) and the AORSA all orders full-wave RF model (for whistler instabilities). In addition to an improved understanding of runaway generation, this can also lead to new methods for runaway control.
Paper Number TH/P8-17
Country or International Organization United States of America

Primary author

Dr Donald Spong (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

Co-authors

Dr Andrey Lvovskiy (Oak Ridge Associated Universities) Dr Cami Collins (General Atomics) Dr Carlos Paz-Soldan (General Atomics) Chang Liu (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Dr Cornwall Lau (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Diego del-Castillo-Negrete (Fusion Energy Division. Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Dr Dylan Brennan (Princeton University) Dr Erwin F. Jaeger (XCEL Engineering) Dr Kathreen Thome (Oak Ridge Associated Universities) Dr Leopoldo Carbajal Gomez (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Dr Michael Van Zeeland (General Atomics) Dr Richard Moyer (University of California San Diego) Prof. William W. Heidbrink (University of California Irvine) xiaodi du (University of California - Irvine)

Presentation Materials

Paper