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22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone

Progress in DIII-D Towards Validating Divertor Power Exhaust Predictions

26 Oct 2018, 17:20
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Gandhinagar (nearest Airport: Ahmedabad), India
Oral EXD - Magnetic Confinement Experiments: Plasma–material interactions; divertors; limiters; scrape-off layer (SOL) EX/9-TH/7 Divertor & Exhaust Physics


Dr Aaro Jaervinen (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)


Understanding of divertor heat load and its control in fusion reactors has been critically advanced in DIII-D radiative power exhaust experiments corroborated with state-of-the-art 2D fluid simulations. UEDGE simulations indicate that the non-linear interaction between the divertor electron temperatures and drifts can drive a bifurcation of the divertor solution between attached and detached branches. This mechanism provides an explanation for the experimentally observed step-like transition from strongly attached to well detached divertor conditions with increasing plasma density, as measured by Thomson scattering in plasmas with the grad-B-drift towards the X-point (fwd. BT). Analysis of the new extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectroscopy shows that in detachment with D2-injection in fwd. B, the resonant CIV (154.9 nm) line dominates the radiated power and peaks next to the X-point. In contrast, operating with the grad-B-drift away from the X-point (rev. B), the radiated power peaks in front of the outer target and is dominated by the deuterium Ly-alpha (121.5 nm). Fluid simulations with UEDGE qualitatively reproduce the relative intensity of the emitting lines and regions in both field configurations. However, the simulations predict the radiation to be about a factor of 3 more localized than measured, indicating an under prediction of the transport mechanisms expanding the radiating volume. Work supported by the US DOE under DE-FC02-04ER54698 and DE-AC52-07NA27344, and LLNL LDRD project 17-ERD-020.
Country or International Organization United States of America
Paper Number EX/9-3

Primary author

Dr Aaro Jaervinen (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)


Dr Adam McLean (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Dr Anthony W. Leonard (USA) Dr Cameron Samuell (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Dr Charles Lasnier (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Dr David Hill (General Atomics) Dr Eric M. Hollmann (University of California San Diego) Dr Gary Porter (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Dr Huiqian Wang (Oak Ridge Associated Universities) Dr Jeremy Lore (ORNL) John Canik (Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Dr Jon Watkins (Sandia National Laboratories) Mr M. A. Makowski (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Dr Mathias Groth (Aalto University) Dr Max Fenstermacher (LLNL @ DIII-D) Dr Steve Allen (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Dr Tom Rognlien (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)

Presentation Materials