Since 18 of December 2019 uses Nucleus credentials. Visit our help pages for information on how to Register and Sign-in using Nucleus.

Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Progress in Preparing Scenarios for ITER Operation

Oct 17, 2014, 2:00 PM
Blue 1-5 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Blue 1-5

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation


Mr Adrianus Sips (European Commission)


In recent years, dedicated experiments and coordinated scenario simulations, initiated by the Integrated Operation Scenarios Topical Group of the ITPA, have significantly advanced the preparation of ITER operation. This contribution will review the progress made. Plasma formation studies report robust plasma breakdown in devices with metal walls over a wide range of conditions, while other experiments use an inclined EC launch angle at plasma formation to mimic the conditions in ITER. For H-modes at q95~3 many experiments have demonstrated operation with scaled parameters for the ITER baseline scenario at ne/nGW~0.85. Most experiments, however, obtain stable discharges at H98(y,2)~1.0 only for βN=2.0-2.2. During the current rise, a range of plasma inductance (li(3)) can be obtained from 0.65 to 1.0, with the lowest values obtained in H-mode operation. For the rampdown, the plasma should stay diverted and maintain H-mode. For an ohmic rampdown a reduction of the elongation from 1.85 to 1.4 would minimise the increase in plasma inductance from 0.8 to 1.3-1.4. Simulations show that the proposed rampup and rampdown schemes developed since 2007 are compatible with the present ITER design for the poloidal field coils. ITER scenario preparation in hydrogen and helium requires high input power (>50MW). H-mode operation in helium may be possible at input powers above 35MW at a toroidal field of 2.65T, for studying H-modes and ELM mitigation. In hydrogen, H-mode operation is expected to be marginal, even at 2.65T with 60 MW of input power. For a hybrid scenario at 12 MA the code simulations give a range for Q = 6.5 – 8.3, using 30MW NBI and 20MW ICRH. For non-inductive operation at 7 – 9 MA the simulation results show more variation. At high edge pedestal pressure (Tped ~ 7 keV) the codes predict Q = 3.3 – 3.8 using 33 MW NB, 20 MW EC and 20 MW IC. Simulations using a lower edge pedestal temperature (~ 3 keV) but improved core confinement obtain Q = 5 – 6.5, when ECCD is concentrated at mid-radius and ~20 MW off-axis current drive (ECCD or LHCD) is added. This work was supported by EURATOM and carried out within the framework of the European Fusion Development Agreement. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission.
Country or International Organisation European Commission
Paper Number EX/9-1

Primary author

Mr Adrianus Sips (European Commission)


Dr Charles Kessel (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Dr Gerardo Giruzzi (IRFM, CEA) Dr Joerg Stober (IPP Garching) Dr Joseph Snipes (ITER Organization) Dr Shunsuke Ide (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Dr Timothy C. Luce (General Atomics)

Presentation materials