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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Modelling of Melt Damage of Tungsten Armour under Multiple Transients Expected in ITER and Validations against JET-ILW Experiments

Oct 15, 2014, 8:30 AM
4h
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 3

Speaker

Dr Boris Bazylev (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany)

Description

The ITER Organization has recently decided to install a full-tungsten (W) divertor from the start of operations. One of the key issues with such a strategy is the possibility of W melting and melt splashing during transients, which can lead to modifications of surface topology and which may lead to higher disruption frequency or compromise subsequent plasma operation. Although every effort will be made to avoid leading edges, ITER plasma stored energies are sufficient that transients can drive shallow melting on the top surfaces of components. A new experiment has now been performed on JET-ILW in the ITER-Like Wall (ILW) environment, in which a deliberately misaligned W element (lamella) in the outer divertor has been used to perform controlled ELM transient melting experiments for the first time in a tokamak. This paper reports on the application of the 3D MEMOS code to modeling of these experiments. Input heat loads are obtained from experimental data, notably high resolution IR camera thermography. Importantly, the code indicates that that shielding by the evaporated tungsten prevents bulk melting between ELMs. Encouragingly, the simulations are also able to quantitatively reproduce the dimensions of the damaged area observed by high resolution photography after the first pulse in which melting was achieved. MEMOS simulations on the consequences of multiple mitigated major disruptions (MD), mitigated vertical displacement events (VDE) and major disruptions expected in ITER on damage of tungsten castellated armour have been performed for several scenarios of impact conditions specified by IO. This work, supported by the European Communities under the EFDA Task Agreement between EURATOM and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and contract between IO and KIT, was carried out within the framework of the European Fusion Development Agreement. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission or of the ITER Organization.
Paper Number TH/P3-40
Country or International Organisation Germany

Primary author

Dr Boris Bazylev (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany)

Co-authors

Dr A. Meigs (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Abingdon, UK) Dr E. Gauthier (CEA IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France) Dr Gannady Sergienko (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Partner in the Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Juelich, Germany) Dr Gilles Arnoux (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Abingdon, UK) Dr Guy.F. Matthews (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Abingdon, UK) Dr J. Coffey (Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's Univ. Belfast, UK) Mr J. Horacek (nstitute of Plasma Physics AS CR, Za Slovankou 3, 18221 Praha 8, Czech Republic) Dr Jan. W Coenen (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Partner in the Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Juelich, Germany) Dr Karl Krieger (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, 85748 Garching, Germany) Dr M. Clever (orschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Partner in the Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Juelich, Germany) Dr M. Knaup (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Partner in the Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Juelich, Germany) Dr M. Stamp (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Abingdon, UK) Dr P. Tamain (CEA IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France) Dr Ph. Mertens (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Partner in the Trilateral Euregio Cluster, Juelich, Germany) Dr Renaud Dejarnac (Institute of Plasma Physics AS CR, Za Slovankou 3, 18221 Praha 8, Czech Republic) Dr Richard.A. Pitts (ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdone, 13115, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance France) Dr S. Jachmich (Laboratory forPlasma Physics, Ecole Royale Militaire/Koninklijke Militaire School) Dr S. Marsen (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Teilinsitut Greifswald, D-17491 Greifswald, Germany) Dr Stefan Devaux (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Abingdon, UK) Dr T. Puetterich (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, 85748 Garching, Germany) Dr Takeshi Hirai (ITER Organization, Route de Vinon sur Verdone, 13115, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance France) Dr V. Thompson (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy, Abingdon, UK) Dr Yann Corre (CEA IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France)

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