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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Development of Dual Frequency Gyrotron and Launcher for the JT-60SA ECH/ECCD System

Oct 16, 2014, 8:30 AM
4h
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 5

Speaker

Dr Takayuki Kobayashi (Japan Atomic Energy Agency)

Description

The development of a gyrotron and launcher operated at two frequencies, 110 GHz and 138 GHz, has made a significant progress toward electron cyclotron heating (ECH) and current drive (ECCD) in JT-60SA. High-power, long-pulse gyrotrons are required for the JT-60SA ECH/ECCD system which has the total injection power of 7 MW and the pulse duration of 100 s using 9 gyrotrons. The wave frequency in the original specification is 110 GHz, which is effective for off-axis ECH/ECCD to sustain a high-beta plasma at the toroidal field of 1.7 T. On the other hand, the higher frequency waves at 130 ~ 140 GHz enables ECH/ECCD in the core plasma region at the maximum toroidal field of 2.3 T in JT-60SA. However, a dual frequency gyrotron that can generate the target output power and pulse length (1 MW for 100 s) was not developed since it requires high oscillation efficiency to obtain high power and low diffraction loss to achieve long pulse, simultaneously. In 2011, we stared to develop a new dual frequency gyrotron (110 GHz, 138 GHz) equipped with a triode type electron gun to obtain high oscillation efficiency. High-power, long-pulse operations of the dual frequency gyrotron have been carried out since the last IAEA FEC. Developments of an ECH launcher with high reliability based on a linear-motion antenna concept and a polarizer with optimized groove depth, width, and period for dual frequency operation are also in progress. Main results are as follows: (i) Oscillations of 1 MW for 10 s were successful at both frequencies for the first time in the world as a dual-frequency gyrotron by optimizing electron pitch factor using the triode electron gun; (ii) Low diffraction loss and cavity Ohmic loss enabling 1 MW for 100 s and 1.5 - 2 MW for several seconds were experimentally confirmed, and a 100 MJ oscillation was achieved (0.51 MW, 198 s, 110 GHz), so far; (iii) An oscillation at 82 GHz was also successful as an additional frequency showing the possibility of the use of fundamental harmonic waves; (iv) Launcher optics design toward dual-frequency operations showed little difference in the poloidal beam width for these frequencies; (v) Prototype tests of a wide-band twister polarizer at both low power (< 1 mW) and high power (~0.25 MW, 3 s) showed promising results.
Paper Number FIP/2-2Rb
Country or International Organisation Japan

Primary author

Dr Takayuki Kobayashi (Japan Atomic Energy Agency)

Co-authors

Dr Akihiko Isayama (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Mr Jun Hinata (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Dr Katsumichi Hoshino (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Dr Keishi Sakamoto (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Dr Ken Kajiwara (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Mr Kenji Wada (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Mr Kenji Yokokura (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Dr Koji Takahashi (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Mr Masayuki Sawahata (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Mr Masayuki Terakado (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Dr Mikio Saigusa (Ibaraki University) Dr Ryosuke Ikeda (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Mr Shinichi Hiranai (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Dr Shinichi Moriyama (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Dr Yasuhisa Oda (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Mr Yoshikatsu Sato (Japan Atomic Energy Agency)

Presentation materials