Since 18 of December 2019 uses Nucleus credentials. Visit our help pages for information on how to Register and Sign-in using Nucleus.
Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Comprehensive Understandings of Energy Confinement in LHD Plasmas through Extensive Application of the Integrated Transport Analysis Suite

Oct 16, 2014, 2:00 PM
4h 45m
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 6


Dr MASAYUKI YOKOYAMA (National Institute for Fusion Science)


The integrated transport analysis suite, TASK3D-a, has enhanced energy transport analyses in LHD. It has elucidated the systematic dependence of ion and electron energy confinement on a wide variation of plasma parameters, and the fitting expressions for ion and electron heat diffusivities with local plasma parameters. Conventionally, scaling laws for the global energy confinement time (tau_E) have been one of the approaches to systematically understand the energy confinement, and then also to design/predict future devices. However, recent extensive application of TASK3D-a to a wide-ranging LHD experiment database has provided a breakthrough to improve this situation; from scaling laws for tau_E to fitting expressions for ion and electron heat diffusivity. NBI-heated high ion-temperature plasmas and medium-to-high density plasmas have been mainly analyzed. The general tendency is recognized to be that the normalized ion (electron) heat diffusivity increases (decreases) as the temperature ratio, Te/Ti, is increased. Accumulation of TASK3D-a analyses results has led to the attempt at deducing functional fittings for kai_e and kai_i with local parameters. This approach has remarkable advantages such as the fitting can be performed separately for ions and electrons, and gradients of profiles can be taken into account. Thus, it is much more relevant to interpret the physics mechanism of the energy confinement than the conventional scaling approach for tau_E. Moreover, such deduced fitting functions for heat diffusivities can be directly implemented into the predictive modelling, so that the transport model assumption (like a Gyro-Bohm) is no longer required. These attempts have been on-going through multivariate nonlinear regression analysis by assuming the predictor variables such as the normalized collision frequency, Te/Ti, and normalized scale lengths of temperature gradient. So far, the fitting expressions for ion and electron heat diffusivities have been successfully obtained. These results are significant in terms of deducing comprehensive understandings of energy confinement based on “big data” which are created through a close-link between TASK3D-a and the LHD experiment. This approach should be applicable to any other fusion experiments.
Paper Number EX/P6-27
Country or International Organisation Japan

Primary author

Dr MASAYUKI YOKOYAMA (National Institute for Fusion Science)


Dr CHIHIRO SUZUKI (National Institute for Fusion Science) Prof. Hiroshi Yamada (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr Katsumi Ida (National Institute for Fusion Science) Prof. Masaki Osakabe (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr RYOSUKE SEKI (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr SHINSUKE SATAKE (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr Sadayoshi Murakami (Departement Nuclear Engineering, Kyoto University)

Presentation materials