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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Plasma-Material Interaction Issues in Magnetic Fusion Devices

Oct 17, 2014, 2:00 PM
4h 45m
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 8


Prof. Sergei Krasheninnikov (University California San Diego)


The processes involving plasma-material interactions in magnetic fusion devices are very multifaceted and include a wide spectrum of phenomena ranging from plasma recycling and transport of hydrogen species in the wall material to the modification of wall properties, surface morphology, and dust formation which, being ejected from the wall, can have crucial impact on plasma performance. Here we present the results of our studies of some issues related to the plasma-material interactions: (i) modeling of the role of the first wall outgassing on H-mode pedestal re-healing after the ELM crashes in DIII-D; (ii) transport of hydrogen (H) species in co-deposits; (iii) hydrogen outgassing from tungsten (W) surface; (iv) an impact of W dust on ITER plasma performance. We demonstrate that: (i) re-healing of particle content in H-mode pedestal after ELM crash in DIII-D is completely determined by the outgassing of divertor plates; (ii) transport of H in co-deposits, which are characterized by continues spectrum of traps, depending on the regime, can be described either by non-linear or fractional diffusion equations; (iii) Molecular dynamic (MD) simulations of H desorption from W surface show that the Tersoff potential for H-W interactions overestimates three-body interactions at tungsten surface and should be adjusted to reproduce experimental features of hydrogen desorption as molecules; (iv) Modeling of W dust injection into ITER shows that it can result in pronounced impact on both core and edge plasma performance and W concentration at Ψnorm=0.95 reaches potentially dangerous level ~10-5 for the dust mass injection rate ~1 mg/s.
Paper Number TH/P8-1
Country or International Organisation USA

Primary author

Prof. Sergei Krasheninnikov (University California San Diego)


Dr Alexander Pigarov (University California San Diego) Prof. Alexander Pisarev (Nuclear Research National University MEPhI) Dr Evgeny Marenkov (Nuclear Research National University MEPhI) Mr Jerome Guterl (University California San Diego) Dr Roman Smirnov (University California San Diego) Mr Wonjae Lee (University California San Diego)

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