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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Unipolar Arcing at Advanced Fine-Structured Materials

Oct 17, 2014, 8:30 AM
4h
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 7

Speaker

Dr Mikhail Tsventoukh (Lebedev Physical Institute RAS)

Description

Novel approaches for the fusion devices first wall include materials with 'advanced' surface structures. The general idea is the creation of a specific layer (of a micron size) at the first-wall surface. Most promising are - liquid-metal at a capillary-porous structure [1-2], and recently discovered tungsten 'fuzz' structure that consists of metal nanowires [3-5]. The advantages of these surfaces are - low sputtering yield, reducing of surface cracking etc. However, there is an undesirable feature - the promotion of the self-sustained unipolar arcs that can be ignited more easily at such film-like surface [6-7]. It has been found that the arcing is promoted by the pulsed action of ELM-plasma, and that arc cathode spot burn in the tungsten layer of a few-micron size [8-9]. Vacuum arc investigations on film cathodes [10] strongly promotes the understanding of physics of whole 'vacuum discharge' [11-13]. The vacuum discharge implies a formation of plasma from the electrode material for a large current transfer. It consists of three stages - vacuum breakdown, vacuum spark, and final - vacuum arc. The basic feature of all these stages - explosive electron emission (EEE) pulses - ectons that arise from microcenters at the cathode and are responsible for an electron emission current of a large density and large magnitude. The model of unipolar arcing [7,14-15] will be further improved with taking into account the ignition of the EEE pulses under the external action of plasma and power fluxes at a surface microstructure. [1] Hirooka et al 2010 Nucl. Fusion 50 077001 [2] Mirnov et al 2006 Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 48 821 [3] Kajita et al 2007 Nucl. Fusion 47 1358 [4] Doerner, Baldwin and Stangeby 2011 Nucl. Fusion 51 043001 [5] Wright et al 2012 Nucl. Fusion 52 042003 [6] Kajita et al 2009 Nucl. Fusion 49 032002 [7] Barengolts, Mesyats, Tsventoukh 2010 Nucl. Fusion 50 125004 [8] Herrmann 2009 J. Nucl. Mater. 390-391 747 [9] Rohde 2011 J. Nucl. Mater. 415 S46–S50 [10] Kesaev 1968 ‘Cathode Processes of Electrical Arc’, Nauka, Moscow [11] Mesyats and Proskurovsky 1989 Pulsed Electrical Discharge in Vacuum (Berlin: Springer Verlag) [12] Mesyats 2013 IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 41 676 [13] Anders 2008 Cathodic Arcs (Springer, NY) [14] Barengolts, Mesyats, Tsventoukh, 2008 JETP 107 1039 [15] Barengolts, Mesyats, Tsventoukh 2011 IEEE Trans. Plas. Sci. 39 1900
Country or International Organisation Russian Federation
Paper Number MPT/P7-34

Primary author

Dr Mikhail Tsventoukh (Lebedev Physical Institute RAS)

Co-authors

Prof. Gennady Mesyats (Lebedev Physical Institute RAS) Dr Sergey Barengolts (Prokhorov General Physics Institute RAS)

Presentation materials