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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Transient CHI Plasma Start-up Simulations and Projections to NSTX-U

Oct 16, 2014, 2:00 PM
4h 45m
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 6

Speaker

Prof. Brian Nelson (USA)

Description

Transient Coaxial Helicity Injection (CHI) in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) has generated toroidal current on closed flux surfaces without the use of the central solenoid. When induction from the solenoid was added, CHI initiated discharges in NSTX achieved 1 MA of plasma current using 65% of the solenoid flux of standard induction-only discharges. CHI is incorporated into the NSTX-U machine design, to be used for the start-up phase of a full non-inductive current ramp-up scenario. The objective for first two years of CHI research on NSTX-U is to re-establish transient CHI start-up in the new vessel geometry, and to generate 400 kA of closed-flux start-up current. In support of these planned experiments, the TSC code has been used to develop transient CHI start-up scenarios using the full NSTX-U vessel geometry, implemented during the past year. We have also used the resistive MHD code NIMROD, to understand the mechanisms that lead to the generation of closed flux plasma in a transient CHI discharge. These simulations show that the new machine capabilities on NSTX-U significantly enhance CHI-startup capability. Simulations have also confirmed the role of the magnitude of the injector flux, the importance of a narrow flux foot print width, and rapid time scales required for reducing the injector voltage and (current) in increasing the magnitude of the closed flux fraction [1]. What is particularly noteworthy is that the NIMROD simulations suggest that the reconnection mechanisms for transient CHI appear to be very similar to 2-D Sweet-Parker type reconnection, and 3-D effects do not seem to be important. This work is supported by U.S. DOE contracts DE-FG02-99ER54519, DOE-FG02-12ER55115, and DE-AC02-09CH11466. [1] F. Ebrahimi, et al., submitted to Phys. Plasmas
Paper Number TH/P6-55
Country or International Organisation USA

Primary author

Dr Roger Raman (University of Washington)

Co-authors

Prof. Brian Nelson (USA) Dr Dennis Mueller (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Dr Fatima Ebrahimi (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Dr Jonathan Menard (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Dr Masayuki Ono (PPPL/Princeton University) Prof. Stephen C. Jardin (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Mr Thomas Jarboe (University of Washington)

Presentation materials