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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Impact of Isotopic Effect on Density Limit and LHCD Efficiency in the FT-2 Experiments

Oct 14, 2014, 8:30 AM
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 1


Dr Sergey Lashkul (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, RAS, Russia)


Current drive by lower hybrid waves (LHCD) is the most effective method to keep the plasma current, but it is feasible only at the plasma density not exceeding some density limit n_DL. In the present work the main attention is paid to investigation of this effect on the FT-2 (R=0.55 m, a=0.08 m, B_T ≤ 3T, I_p=19÷40 kA, f_0 = 920МHz) tokamak. The dependence of LHCD efficiency on isotopic plasma content (hydrogen/deuterium) is studied. On the FT-2 tokamak, where a large experience has been accumulated in the area of plasma – LH wave interaction observation, the long-continued experimental run on LHCD efficiency study has been realized. Characteristic features of such experiment are strong influence of the isotope plasma composition on the LH resonance density nLН. For hydrogen plasma n_LН ~ 3.5 10^13 см^-3, whiles for deuterium n_LH ~ 10^14см^-3. The suppression of the LHCD and beginning of the interaction of LH waves with ions is controlled by the hydrogen/deuterium plasma density rise. In the hot hydrogen plasma (Te(r=0cm) ≈ 700eV) the density limit n_DL of LHCD is approximately equal to the resonance value n_LH at which the interaction of the LH wave with the electron component is replaced by direct absorption by plasma ions (nLH≈ nLC =3.5•10^13 cm^-3 is the point of linear conversion). In the hot deuterium plasma one could expect an increase of nDL because of a much higher value of n_LH ≥ n_LC ≈ 10^14 cm^-3. However it appeared that the observed density limit for LHCD generation n_DL ≈ (3.5÷4)•10^13 cm^-3 is not determined by nLC. Role of parametric instabilities in CD switch-off is considered in both cases. The cooling of the plasma column and density rise could lead to a reduction of the threshold for the parametric decay of f0 and result in the earlier suppression of LHCD. In both cases the LHCD was inversely proportional to the density, which corresponds to the theoretical predictions. In order to analyze the experimentally observed effects the GRILL3D and FRTC codes have been used. The important role of the synergetic effect caused by the interaction of different spectral components of the excited RF waves was revealed. Next step of LHCD modeling is devoted to a dynamic modeling of LHCD plasma shots at rather low plasma densities <n_e> = 0.5 ÷ 2•10^13 cm^-3, when role of runaway electrons is significant at the FT-2 conditions.
Paper Number EX/P1-29
Country or International Organisation Russian Federation

Primary author

Dr Sergey Lashkul (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, RAS, Russia)


Dr Alexey Altukhov (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute) Dr Alexey Gurchenko (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, RUS) Dr Alexsandr Saveliev (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute) Dr Alexsandr Stepanov (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute) Dr Denis Kouprienko (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute) Prof. Evgeniy Gusakov (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute) Mr Lev Esipov (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute) Dr Michail Irzak (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, RAS) Dr Michail Kantor (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute) Dr Sergey Shatalin (St.Petersburg State Polytekhnical University) Dr Valeriy Dyachenko (Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, RUS)

Presentation materials