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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Active and Passive Experiments to Control the Helical Boundary of Wall-Stabilized Tokamak Plasma

Oct 15, 2014, 2:00 PM
4h 45m
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 4

Speaker

Prof. Gerald Navratil (Columbia University)

Description

We report high-resolution detection of the time-evolving, three-dimensional (3D) magnetic structure of wall-stabilized tokamak discharges in the HBT-EP device[1]. The time-evolution of unstable and saturated wall-stabilized external kink modes are studied in detail with and without applying magnetic perturbations with non-axisymmetric control coils[2,3]. Naturally occuring external kinks are composed of independent helical modes that are seen to modulate each other in time[4]. For limited discharges produced with a rapid plasma current ramp, strong multimode kink behavior is excited whenever modes resonate with the edge safety factor, q(a), m/n = 3/1 and 6/2. In contrast, when the plasma boundary is diverted, we show for the first time that kink mode dynamics becomes dominated by a single mode in agreement with expectations from ideal MHD[1]. We observed the dynamic, multimode structure of plasmas with a distributed array of more than 200 magnetic sensors[5], with high-speed videography of the plasma-wall interactions, and with soft x-ray detectors. Naturally occuring external kinks and resistive wall modes (RWM) are excited with plasma current ramps, and we find the kink mode amplitude and dynamics depends strongly on the position of the adjustable wall and on the application of magnetic feedback[6]. Additionally, experiments are underway with a newly installed adjustable ferritic wall[1] that will enable systematic investigations of multimode kink dynamics as the separation between the ferritic wall and the plasma changes, and will also allow first tests of active control of the ferrtic resistive wall mode (FRWM) using high-speed, multiple-input, multiple-output control[7]. Initial experiments with rapidly rotating external kink modes show wall stabilization in the presence of a close ferromagnetic wall (r/a ~ 1.07). Future experiments with slower plasma rotation are expected to see reduced wall stabilization due to ferritic effects. [1] D.A. Maurer, et al., Phys. Plasmas 19, 056123 (2012). [2] D. Shiraki, et al., Phys. Plasmas 20, 102503 (2013). [3] N. Rath, et al., Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 55, 084003 (2013). [4] J.P. Levesque, et al., Nuclear Fusion 53, 073037 (2013). [5] D. Shiraki, et al., Rev Sci Instrum 84, 063502 (2013). [6] N. Rath, et al., Nuclear Fusion 53, 073052 (2013). [7] N. Rath, et al., Fusion Eng Des 87, 1895 (2012).
Country or International Organisation USA
Paper Number EX/P4-25

Primary author

Prof. Gerald Navratil (Columbia University)

Co-authors

Christopher Stoafer (Columbia University) Dov Rhodes (Columbia University) James Bialek (Columbia University) Jeffrey Levesque (Columbia University) Michael Mauel (Columbia University) Patrick Byrne (Columbia University) Paul Hughes (Columbia University) Qian Peng (Columbia University) Sarah Angelini (Columbia University)

Presentation materials