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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Modeling Divertor Concepts for Spherical Tokamaks NSTX, NSTX-U and ST-FNSF

Oct 16, 2014, 2:00 PM
4h 45m
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 6

Speaker

Mr Anthony W. Leonard (USA)

Description

As magnetic confinement fusion research progresses toward the reactor scale, increasingly intense power exhaust threatens the integrity of plasma facing components. The compact nature, i.e., small major radius (R), of the spherical tokamak (ST) presents an economically attractive path to fusion commercialization, but magnifies the power exhaust challenge, because the plasma-wetted area is proportional to R. To address this challenge, experimentally constrained divertor modeling in the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) is extrapolated to investigate divertor concepts for future ST devices. Analysis is conducted with the multi-fluid edge transport code, UEDGE. Modeling of NSTX snowflake divertor experiments demonstrates an ability to capture observed physics behavior, including partial detachment and several-fold heat flux reduction. Increased plasma-wetted area in the snowflake enhances neutral gas power loss to the outer divertor targets, enabling the partially detached state. NSTX Upgrade (NSTX-U) analysis shows that heat flux can be mitigated (to <10 MW/m2, i.e., within present technological limits) using impurity seeding in both snowflake and standard divertor configurations. For a notional Spherical-Tokamak-based Fusion Nuclear Science Facility (ST-FNSF), divertor concepts are identified that provide heat flux mitigation (<10 MW/m2) in up-down-symmetric double-null magnetic geometries with 40 MW input power and 100%-recycling metal targets. This research provides guidance for upcoming experiments and a basis for continued development of predictive capability for divertor performance in STs. Research supported by US DOE Contracts DE-AC52-07NA27344 and DE-AC02-09CH11466.
Country or International Organisation USA
Paper Number TH/P6-50

Primary author

Dr Eric Meier (LLNL)

Co-authors

Dr A. McLean (LLNL) Dr Ahmed Diallo (PPPL) Mr Anthony W. Leonard (USA) Dr B.P. LeBlanc (PPPL) Mr Filippo Scotti (PPPL) Dr Jonathan Menard (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Dr Mario Podesta (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Dr R. Bell (PPPL) Prof. R. Kaita (PPPL) Dr Stefan Gerhardt (Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Dr T. Rognlien (LLNL) Dr Vsevolod Soukhanovskii (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory)

Presentation materials