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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Formation and Termination of Runaway Beams in Tokamak Disruptions and Implications for ITER

Oct 15, 2014, 8:30 AM
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 3


Dr Jose Ramon Martin-Solis (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)


Large runaway electron (RE) currents could be formed during the current quench (CQ) phase of ITER disruptions. Although the main interest of studying REs is related to their final deposition on the plasma facing components (PFCs), much less attention has been paid to their termination phase, when the current and the REs are lost. During this phase, conversion of magnetic energy of the runaway plasma into runaway kinetic energy can occur which can increase substantially the energy fluxes deposited by the REs on the PFCs. In this work, an inter-machine comparison for various devices (JET, DIII and FTU) has been performed which, together with simple 0D modeling of the termination phase, has allowed to identify the physical processes determining the magnetic into kinetic energy conversion. It is predicted that, in ITER, for fast RE losses, below 1 ms, it is essentially the plateau runaway kinetic energy that will be deposited on the PFCs. For long enough RE losses, the avalanche generation of runaways will play an important role, increasing the energy deposited by the REs onto the PFCs, and energies up to 300 MJ for a plateau RE current of 10 MA are predicted. With the aim of improving our understanding of the physics underlying the runaway heat loads onto the PFCs in ITER disruptions, an integrated analysis in which the results of the modeling of the disruption CQ and runaway formation provide the basic inputs for the termination phase of the disruption, is carried out for selected ITER scenarios. This is done by means of simplified models, but retaining the essential physical processes, including the effect of the main runaway generation mechanisms expected in ITER, effects associated with current profile shape during the formation and termination of the runaway current, as well as, in the case of high impurity content, corrections to the runaway dynamics to account for the collisions of the REs with the partially stripped impurity ions. The ultimate goal is to provide a guidance for the most severe foreseen ITER scenarios as well as for the most suitable schemes for the minimization of the effects of runaway impact on the ITER first wall. This work was supported by EURATOM and carried out within the framework of the European Fusion Development Agreement. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission.
Paper Number TH/P3-43
Country or International Organisation Spain

Primary author

Dr Jose Ramon Martin-Solis (Universidad Carlos III de Madrid)


Dr Alberto Loarte (ITER Organization) Dr Basilio Esposito (Euratom-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.R.Frascati) Dr Eric Hollmann (University of California-San Diego) Dr Michael Lehnen (ITER Organization) Dr Valeria Riccardo (Euratom/CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre)

Presentation materials