Since 18 of December 2019 conferences.iaea.org uses Nucleus credentials. Visit our help pages for information on how to Register and Sign-in using Nucleus.

Sep 19 – 22, 2023
IAEA Headquarters
Europe/Vienna timezone
Deadline for regular contributions has passed. The system remains open for invited submissions only.

Mechanism and Applications of Plasma Gene/Molecular Transfection

Sep 20, 2023, 11:20 AM
30m
CR-4 (IAEA Headquarters)

CR-4

IAEA Headquarters

Invited Oral Medicine Medicine

Speaker

Masafumi JINNO (Ehime University)

Description

1 Introduction: Molecular/gene introduction by plasma
The authors examined various plasma sources for gene/molecular introduction into cells1. We found that the micro-discharge plasma with a counter electrode provides electrical current to cells in this configuration, simultaneously achieving high transfection efficiency and cell viability[1,2]. Since the plasma treatment time is short as $10^{-2}$ s or less, damages to cells and plasmid DNA are suppressed.

2 Mechanism: Spontaneous introductions by complex stimuli
The Zeta potential measurement shows that after plasma treatment, cells are charged up by positive charges. Since plasmid DNA, which is naturally charged in negative, collides easily with the charged cell membrane due to the relaxation of the Coulomb repulsion, the collision frequency between plasmid DNA and cell increases. We also experimentally found that large-size molecules such as plasmid DNA are transferred into cells by endocytosis and that ROS and electrical stimuli are required to trigger endocytosis. In our plasma methods, large molecules are transferred into cells by endocytosis, spontaneous cell membrane transfer, by complex stimuli of electric current and ROS[3,4].
In genome editing, it is preferable that the editing molecules are introduced into cells without any random genome integration. The plasma method is expected to be free from random genome integration because cells spontaneously take external DNA molecules up into themselves by plasma-induced endocytosis. The authors proved that the plasma method is random genome integration-free through the experiment[5]. The GFP gene-coded plasmid DNA was introduced into target cells using plasma, electro-poration, or lipofection. The cells were continuously passaged every 3 or 4 days as they reached confluence. After 25 days, many colonies were formed by electro-poration and lipofection methods. On the other hand, only a few colonies were formed by the plasma method. These results prove that plasma treatment introduces a plasmid DNA without random genome integration, so-called “Genome Integration-free.”

4 Applications
The plasma induces the spontaneous uptake of cells by endocytosis without random genome integration. The Genome Integration-Free characteristics are unique and expected to be a valuable tool for genome editing. This high level of safety is a feature unique to the plasma method and not found in conventional gene transfer methods. Therefore, the plasma method is expected to enable gene medicine, cell medicine, and regenerative medicine, which could not be realized with conventional gene transfer methods due to a lack of safety. In addition, as clean genome editing is possible, it is also expected to be applied to breeding in agriculture and fisheries.

Acknowledgments
JSPS supported part of this work by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 21H04455, 17H01068, 15H00896, 25108509.

References
1 M. Jinno et al. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 55, LG09 (2016).
[2] Y. Kido et al., PLoS ONE, 16(1) e0245654 (2021).
[3] M. Jinno et al. Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 605, 59 (2016).
[4] M. Jinno et al., Plasma Sources Sci. and Tech., 26(6) 065016 (2017).
[5] M. Jinno et al. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 60(3) 030502 (2021).

Speaker's Affiliation Ehime University, Matsuyama, JAPNA
Member State or IGO/NGO IGO

Primary author

Masafumi JINNO (Ehime University)

Co-authors

Prof. Hideki Motomura (Ehime University) Prof. Yoshihisa Ikeda (Ehime University) Dr Susumu Satoh (Ehime University)

Presentation materials