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27-31 August 2018
IAEA, Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

EVALUATION OF HOODED (Kap1), AWNLESS (Lks1) AND ORANGE LEMMA (Rob1) MUTANTS OF BARLEY (HORDEUM VULGARE L.) FOR THEIR USE AS FORAGE CROP

Not scheduled
15m
IAEA, Vienna

IAEA, Vienna

Poster Mutation breeding for adaptation to climate change in seed propagated crops

Speaker

Prof. Heinrich GRAUSGRUBER (BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna)

Description

Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) is grown on around 50 million hectares and is the fifth important crop in the world. Its grain is mostly used as fodder for livestock or as malt for beer and whisky. Within this study, mutant stocks of barley were investigated for their suitability as forage crop. Forage barley can either be grazed at early growth stage or produced into silage or hay at heading, milk or early dough stage. Awns can cause injury in the mouth of animals which can lead to infections and less acceptability of the fodder. The Lks1 mutants have spikes without awns, in the Kap1 mutants the awns are replaced by ‘hoods’, i.e. reversed sterile florets on the end of the lemma. The rob1 mutant is supposed to produce less lignin and, therefore, a better digestibility is assumed. The barley mutants were investigated in three years field trials in the Pannonian region of Austria for early vigour and growth, resistance to fungal leaf diseases, biomass and grain yield, thousand grain weight and seed plumpness. Moreover, check variety ‘Optic’ and its EMS induced orange lemma mutant (rob1) were cut at two growth stages (i.e. booting, milk dough), dried to hay and submitted to a fermentation study using the rumen simulation technique (Rusitec). Some hooded and awnless mutant genotypes were identified with good to medium disease resistance, and biomass and grain yield similar to the check varieties ‘Optic’ and ‘Eunova’. The Rusitec experiment showed significant differences between wildtype ‘Optic’ and its rob1 mutant with respect to chemical composition, fermentation characteristics and diversity of in vitro rumen bacterial community. A breeding program was started to combine awnless and/or hooded genotypes with orange lemma genotypes to combine the favourable mutants in one genotype.
Country or International Organization Austria

Primary author

Prof. Heinrich GRAUSGRUBER (BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna)

Co-authors

Christian Emsenhuber (BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna) Dr Fenja Klevenhusen (University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna) Florian Hochhauser (BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna) Dr Ljupcho Jankuloski (IAEA) Prof. Qendrim Zebeli (University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna)

Presentation Materials