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27-31 August 2018
IAEA, Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

MUTATION INDUCTION IN DIOSCOREA ESCULENTA (LOUR) BURK FOR IMPROVED NUTRITIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL QUALITY

Not scheduled
15m
IAEA, Vienna

IAEA, Vienna

Poster Mutation breeding for adaptation to climate change in seed propagated crops

Speaker

Dr Andrew Sarkodie appiah (Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute-Ghana Atomic Energy Commission)

Description

Gamma irradiation was used to improve agronomic characteristics and postharvest shelf life extension of Dioscorea esculenta, a genetically threatened yam species. The lethal dose (LD50) was determined as 100 Gy. At this lethal dose, plant height, vine number and sprouting were reduced by 72.5%, 46.7% and 40% respectively, at 60 days after planting (DAP). However, much reduction in plant height and the number of vines was observed at 160 and 200 Gy. Reduction in total tuber weight, tuber length and width at all doses was not significantly different from each other and the control. However, the edible weight and the number of edible tubers reduced significantly at 200 Gy (41.20% and 30.04% respectively) resulting in marginal increase in tuber size. Furthermore, postharvest shelf life extension of tubers was extended from 2 weeks to 14 weeks after irradiation at 80 to 120 Gy. Sprouting was significantly delayed in tubers irradiated at 80, 100 and 120 Gy until 8th, 11th and 14th week of storage respectively while rotting was sparingly observed. The effect of irradiation on tuber size, edible weight as well as nutritional qualities at M1V2 will be evaluated after harvesting in March 2018. The results presented here show the potential of gamma irradiation in the improvement of agronomic characteristics of Dioscorea esculenta.
Country or International Organization Ghana Atomic Energy Commission

Primary author

Dr Andrew Sarkodie appiah (Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute-Ghana Atomic Energy Commission)

Co-authors

Dr Fidelis Ocloo (Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute-Ghana Atomic Energy Commission) Mrs Joyce Agyei-Amponsah (Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute-Ghana Atomic Energy Commssion) Prof. Kenneth Danso (Ghana Atomic Energy Commission) Dr Kwamina Banson (Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute-Ghana Atomic Energy Commission) Mrs Mavis Owureku-Asare (Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute-Ghana Atomic Energy Commssion) Mr Wisdom Agbemavor (Biotechnology and Nuclear Agriculture Research Institute-Ghana Atomic Energy Commission)

Presentation Materials

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