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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

The Impact on Tritium Breeding Ratio of Neutral Beam Port Location in DEMO

Oct 17, 2014, 8:30 AM
4h
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Poster Poster 7

Speaker

Dr Ian Jenkins (CCFE)

Description

The Tritium Breeding Ratio (TBR) is a critical quantity on DEMO as it will determine the continued availability of one the required fuels and thus strongly affect the viability of the device. The breeding blanket segments will be designed to cover as much of the inside of the vessel as feasible, excepting the divertor region. They must also take account of remote maintainability and allow necessary gaps for plasma heating systems and plasma diagnostics to function. The location and size of such ports on the reactor vessel may reduce the TBR by reducing the area of the blanket. In order to examine the sensitivity of the TBR with respect to the placement of Neutral Beam (NB) ports, modelling of Neutral Beam Current Drive (NBCD) has been undertaken in relevant plasma scenarios with reference to a model of a Helium Cooled Pebble Bed (HCPB) blanket. For the scenarios examined, it is shown that NBCD can equally well be deployed using ports at elevations up to 4m above and below the mid-plane. Consequently, the effect of the ports required for NB on the available blanket area reduces the TBR in the model from 1.12 to 1.08 if they are located at the mid-plane, but only to 1.09/1.10 if the ports are located optimally above or below the mid-plane. This difference may become critical as other aspects of the design requiring ports, such as diagnostics, are integrated into the design as the value of TBR must, critically, exceed unity by a healthy margin. This work was funded by the RCUK Energy Programme under grant EP/I501045 and the European Communities under the contract of Association between EURATOM and CCFE, and by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. The views and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect those of the European Commission.
Paper Number FIP/P7-5
Country or International Organisation UK

Primary author

Dr Ian Jenkins (CCFE)

Co-authors

Dr Elizabeth Surrey (CCFE) Dr Shanliang Zheng (CCFE)

Presentation materials