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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

First Experiments in SST-1

Oct 13, 2014, 2:00 PM
4h 45m
Green 8-9 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Green 8-9

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Board: OV/5-5
Overview Poster Overview Posters


Mr Subrata Pradhan (India)


Steady State Superconducting Tokamak (SST-1) has been commissioned after the successful experimental and engineering validations of its critical sub-systems. During the `engineering validation phase’ of SST-1; the cryostat was demonstrated to be leak tight to superconducting magnets system operations in all operational scenarios, the 80 K thermal shield was demonstrated to be uniformly cooled without regions of `thermal run away and hot spots’, the superconducting Toroidal Field (TF) magnets were demonstrated to be cooled to their nominal operational conditions and charged up to 1.5 T of field at the major radius, the assembled SST-1 machine shell was demonstrated to be a graded, stress-strain optimized and distributed thermo-mechanical device and the integrated vacuum vessel was demonstrated to be UHV compatible etc. Subsequently, `field error components’ in SST-1 were measured to be acceptable towards plasma discharges. A successful break-down in SST-1 was obtained in SST-1 in June 2013 assisted with electron cyclotron pre-ionization in second harmonic mode, thus marking the `First Plasma’ in SST-1 and arrival of SST-1 into the league of contemporary steady state devices as well. Subsequent to the first plasma, both physical experiments and boosting of engineering parameters in SST-1 have begun. A successful plasma start-up with E ~ 0.4 V/m, plasma current in excess of 50 kA for 100 ms assisted with ECH pre-ionization in second harmonic at a field of 0.75 T have been achieved. Lengthening the plasma pulse duration with LHCD, plasma current boosting up with ECH assisted pre-ionization in fundamental mode at 1.5 T apart from advance plasma physics experiments are presently being attempted in SST-1. In parallel, SST-1 has demonstrated in unique fashion pure cold gas cooling based nominal operations of its vapour cooled TF current leads up to 4650 A corresponding to 1.5 T of field in the plasma major radius. SST-1 has also achieved the distinction of being the only superconducting Tokamak in the world where the cable-in-conduit-conductor (CICC) based TF magnets are operated with helium cooling in Two-Phase mode during the plasma discharges up to 2.0 T of field at the plasma major radius.
Paper Number OV/5-5
Country or International Organisation India

Primary author

Mr Subrata Pradhan (India)

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