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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

ICRF Actuator Development at Alcator C-Mod

Oct 15, 2014, 9:10 AM
Blue 1-5 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Blue 1-5

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Oral FIP - Fusion Engineering, Integration and Power Plant Design Heating & Disruption


Mr Stephen Wukitch (USA)


Future fusion reactors will present more severe constraints on ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) heating and current drive actuators than ITER. Reliably coupling power to the plasma despite load variations is critical. In addition, ICRF interaction with the edge plasma, particularly impurity contamination and enhanced localized heat loads, is challenging. We report on progress developing an ICRF actuator with favorable scaling towards reactors. Using a field aligned (FA) antenna, we have found that the FA antenna loading is similar to TA antennas but the FA antenna reflection coefficient has significantly reduced variation, thus it is inherently load tolerant. We speculate the variation in reflection coefficient is a result of slow wave coupling of neighboring straps and field alignment significantly reduces this coupling. The underlying physics of RF plasma edge interaction is thought to be linked to RF electric fields parallel to the magnetic field, E||. One source of RF E|| is from the antenna itself and can minimize integrated E|| through geometry. Experiments comparing a field aligned (FA) and a toriodally aligned (TA) antenna have demonstrated that FA antenna has significantly reduced impurity contamination compared to TA antennas. The impurity sources measured at the antenna are nearly eliminated for the FA antenna. This is an important milestone since this is the first demonstration that an ICRF antenna can be made with reactor compatible materials. Furthermore, the heat flux to the FA antenna is reduced to a level similar to that observed for identical discharges heated by the TA antenna and the FA antenna is not powered. The estimated energy deposited is 0.4% of the total injected energy and marks the first time an ICRF antenna has achieved the target level for the ITER design, 0.625% of 20 MW. One path to increase antenna power density is to use materials with high strength and high melting temperature. Furthermore copper will be restricted to thin coatings in a reactor due to material swelling and poor strength at high temperature. We have found that the higher strength materials have higher breakdown voltage compared to copper. Highly polished molybdenum and tungsten breakdown field is 40% higher than copper. The latest results and analysis will be presented.
Country or International Organisation USA
Paper Number FIP/2-3

Primary author

Mr Stephen Wukitch (USA)


Dr Amanda Hubbard (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Plasma Science and Fusion Center) Dr Brian LaBombard (MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center) Prof. Bruce Lipschultz (University of York) Mr Dan Miller (MIT PSFC) Dr James Terry (MIT-PSFC) Dr Matthew Reinke (ORISE) Dr Syunichi Shiraiwa (MIT PSFC) Dr Yijun Lin (MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center)

Presentation materials