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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

Toroidal Rotation Profile Structure in L- and H-Mode KSTAR Plasmas

Oct 16, 2014, 2:40 PM
Blue 1-5 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Blue 1-5

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation


Mr Yuejiang SHI (Republic of Korea)


We report the results of L- and H-mode toroidal rotation experiments in KSTAR. Both NBI and ECH with varying resonance conditions were used for the heating mix and turbulence population control. The experimental results show that ECH causes a counter-current rotation increment both in L- and H-mode plasmas. In the H-mode case, the rotation profiles are flattened by on-axis ECH with a clear pivot point inside the pedestal and on-axis ECH can produce larger counter-current rotation than the off-axis ECH. There is no pivot point observed in rotation profiles for ECH in L-mode plasma. These KSTAR results suggest that toroidal rotation profiles are determined by an interplay of i) a co-current NBI torque, ii) a pedestal intrinsic torque, which is notable in H-mode plasma and insignificant in L-mode plasma, iii) a core intrinsic torque, which can become counter-current with ECH. We hypothesize here that the change of the core intrinsic torque with ECH is due to a transition from a state of ITG turbulence to CTEM turbulence, and thus a change in the sign of the turbulence-driven residual stress. For H-mode plasma, linear gyrokinetic analyses suggest that the steepening of ∇Te and density peaking are two important mechanism for ITG→TEM transition. For L-mode plasmas, gyrokinetic analyses indicate that off-axis ECH causes the excitation of TEM at r/a=0.5, while on-axis ECH can excite TEM at core region only (r/a=0.25). TEM at r/a=0.5 is stronger than TEM at r/a=0.25 within the framework of linear growth rate. This stronger TEM excitation in the off-axis ECH can be understood as a consequence of increased trapped particle population as the ECH resonance location moves to radially outward direction. The momentum transport coefficients i.e. diffusivity and convection velocity were investigated with modulation ECH experiments in KSTAR. An inward pinch was found with the perturbation method. More detailed gyrokinetic analysis of micro-instabilities will be presented for varying ECH deposition locations and target plasmas. Also, we will perform nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations to calculate Te fluctuation spectra and compare them with ECEI fluctuation measurements. Combining transport analysis and the nonlinear simulations, we will identify the role of the non-diffusive stress component in the formation of global rotation profile.
Country or International Organisation Korea, Republic of
Paper Number EX/6-3

Primary author

Mr Yuejiang SHI (Republic of Korea)


Prof. Gunsu YUN (Pohang University of Science and Technology) Dr Jaemin Kwon (NFRI,Korea) Dr Jinhyun Jeong (NFRI,Korea) Dr Katsumi Ida (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr Kenenth Hill (PPPL,USA) Dr Kyu-Dong Lee (NFRI,Korea) Dr Manfred Bitter (PPPL,USA) Prof. Patrick H. Diamond (NFRI, UCSD) Dr Sang Gon Lee (National Fusion Research Institute) Dr Sang-hee Hahn (National Fusion Research Institute) Dr Sehoon Ko (NFRI,Korea) Dr Seong-Heon Seo (NFRI,Korea) Dr Siwoo Yoon (NFRI,Korea) Dr Sumin Yi (National Fusion Research Institute) Dr Won Ha Ko (Korea, Republic of) Dr Young-soon Bae (NFRI,Korea)

Presentation materials