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Oct 13 – 18, 2014
Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya
Europe/Moscow timezone

3D Effects of Edge Magnetic Field Configuration on Divertor/SOL Transport and Optimization Possibilities for a Future Reactor

Oct 14, 2014, 3:15 PM
Blue 1-5 (Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya)

Blue 1-5

Hotel Park Inn Pribaltiyskaya

Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Overview OV - Overviews Overview 4


Mr Masahiro Kobayashi (Japan)


This paper overviews recent progress on the experimental identification and physics interpretation of 3D effects of magnetic field geometry/topology on divertor transport in helical devices and tolamaks with RMP. The 3D effects are elucidated as a consequence of competition between transports parallel (//) and perpendicular to magnetic field, in open field lines cut by divertor plates or in magnetic islands. The competition process has strong impacts on divertor functions, density regime, impurity screening, and detachment stability. Based on experiments and numerical simulations, key parameters (indicated with [ ] below) governing the transport process are discussed suggesting demanding issues to be addressed for divertor optimization in future reactors. The divertor density regime, which is known for strong up- and down-stream coupling, high-recycling regime in 2D axi-symmetric configurations, is affected by the 3D configuration. In W7-AS, LHD, TEXTOR-DED and HSX, the dependency is weakened. This is due to enhanced loss of //-momentum or of //-conduction energy. The dependency is functions of magnetic geometry parameters, [field line connection length], [poloidal wave length of RMP] and [Br/Bt]. Impurity screening is observed in Tore Supra, LHD, TEXTOR-DED with edge stochastization, and in W7-AS/X, TJ-II with island divertor. The enhanced outward particle flux due to [Br] provides the screening via friction force exerted on impurity. It is also found that suppression of ion thermal force, in the case of small [Br/Bt]~1.e-4, is responsible for the screening. The systematic study in TEXTOR-DED and LHD has shown that [a thicker stochastic region] provides better screening effects. In W7-AS and LHD, the larger [edge island width] leads to detachment stabilization. This is due to capturing of radiation with the islands and to the decoupling of edge and core plasmas in terms of core fueling of plasma/impurity. In TEXTOR-DED, [rotating RMP] fields result in density limit extension, avoiding MARFE onset. This is caused by spreading of recycling region, preventing edge cooling localization by recycling neutral/impurity. Systematic understandings of the 3D effects of edge magnetic field based on the key parameters shown above will offer new perspectives on divertor optimization for future reactors, which are not available in 2D axi-symmetric configuration.
Country or International Organisation Japan
Paper Number OV/4-4

Primary author

Mr Masahiro Kobayashi (Japan)


Dr Aaron Bader (University of Wisconsin) Prof. Byron Peterson (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr David Tafalla (Laboratorio Nacional de Fusion. Ciemat) Prof. Detlev Reiter (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH) Dr Francisco Tabares (Ciemat) Dr Guido Ciraolo (IRFM, CEA Cadarache) Dr Heinke Frerichs (University of Wisconsin) Prof. Hiroshi Yamada (National Institute for Fusion Science) Prof. Houyang Guo (Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) Dr Katsumi Ida (National Institute for Fusion Science) Prof. Kimitaka Itoh (NIFS) Mr Nobuyuki Asakura (Japan Atomic Energy Agency) Prof. Noriyasu Ohno (Nagoya University) Dr Oliver Schmitz (FZ Juelich) Mr Philippe Ghendrih (CEA-IRFM) Prof. Shigeru Morita (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr Suguru Masuzaki (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr Todd E. Evans (General Atomics) Dr Uwe Wenzel (Max-Planck-Institute fuer Plasmaphysik) Dr Yuehe Feng (Max-Planck-Institute fuer Plasmaphysik) Prof. Yuhong Xu (Southwestern Institute of Physics) Prof. Yunfeng Liang (Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany) Dr Zhengying Cui (Southwestern Institute of Physics)

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