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Apr 19 – 22, 2022
Vienna, Austria
Europe/Vienna timezone
FR22 starts in Vienna 19 - 22 April 2022 Online Stream: https://event.do/iaea/a/#/events/5048

INVESTIGATION OF THE SOLUBILITY OF ACTINIDE FLUORIDES FOR THE CHOICE OF A SALT SOLVENT FOR A MOLTEN-SALT REACTOR-BURNER OF MINOR ACTINIDES

Apr 21, 2022, 10:40 AM
2h
Vienna, Austria

Vienna, Austria

POSTER Track 3. Fuels, Fuel Cycles and Waste Management Poster Session

Speaker

Полина Санникова

Description

Characteristics of the molten-salt reactor-burner (MSR-burner) of minor actinides (MA), which are concentrated in spent nuclear fuel of power reactors, depend significantly on the physical-chemical properties of the fuel composition. In particular, the MA transmutation efficiency is mainly determined by the concentration of actinide fluorides in the molten-salt fuel composition [1]. In this regard, the theoretical and experimental research of the actinide fluorides solubility in the molten-salt solvent to justify the choice of the molten-salt fuel composition is a relevant task.
In Russia, fluoride salt systems based on LiF-BeF2 [2] and LiF-NaF-KF [3] are considered as basis of molten-salt fuel composition. The purpose of this work is an experimental determination of the solubility of actinide fluorides and their simulators in these fluoride salt systems.
This report presents the procedures for the experimental research of the actinide fluorides solubility in fluoride salt systems, such as thermal analysis method by cooling curves, differential scanning calorimetry, elementary analysis. The working out of these techniques was carried out by the determining individual solubility of NdF3 and CeF3 in salt solvents under investigation. Satisfactory agreement of experimental data with literature ones was obtained.
The results of calculating оf different MSR-burner versions and the analysis of literary data were used for determination of characteristic compositions of molten-salt fuel mixture. Temperature dependencies of individual solubility of actinide fluorides and simultaneous solubility of actinide fluorides and their simulators in investigated molten salt solvents were obtained, and the elemental composition of molten salt samples was determined.

Affiliation/Organization Russian Federal Nuclear Center – Zababakhin All-Russian Research
Country/Int. organization Russian Federation
Speaker's email address sannypol@yandex.ru
Speaker's title Ms

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