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May 10 – 15, 2021
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Power exhaust by core radiation at the COMPASS tokamak

May 12, 2021, 8:30 AM
Virtual Event

Virtual Event

Regular Poster Magnetic Fusion Experiments P3 Posters 3


Michael Komm (Institute of Plasma Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences)


Plasma detachment is the desired operational regime for ITER baseline scenario and in next-step fusion reactors, as it allows to reduce the heat fluxes impacting onto the divertor plasma-facing components (PFCs) below their material limits. It is typically characterized by a reduction of plasma pressure between the upstream separatrix and the divertor targets, which is caused by dissipation of power in the scrape-off layer (SOL) and divertor region. One of the ways to achieve detachment is seeding of impurities, which continuously radiate power and consequently cool the surrounding plasma.
In contemporary machines, the primary aim is to concentrate such radiation in the divertor region or SOL and minimize the impact of impurities on the confined plasma. For such purpose, lighter impurities, such as nitrogen or carbon, appear to be the best choice. However, in ITER and future machines (such as the European DEMO concept), the reduction of power required for safe operation of the divertor PFCs is so dramatic (80% and 98% respectively), that it could hardly by achieved only by radiation outside the separatrix. Indeed, some power will have to be radiated already in the confined region, preferably in the narrow mantle located outside the top of the pedestal. In order to do so, heavier impurities (such as the noble gases), should be employed.
In this work we report on experiments at COMPASS tokamak, where neon and argon were injected in ohmic or NBI-heated low confinement plasmas. With appropriate seeding waveform, stable scenarios were achieved, avoiding the radiative collapse of plasmas. Significant reduction of heat fluxes at the outer target was observed, with heat flux pattern similar to the one previously achieved by nitrogen seeding [1]. The reduction of downstream pressure was, however, caused by an equal reduction of upstream pressure, indicating that the power dissipation occurred inside the separatrix. Indeed, the impurity cooling is causing a significant drop of edge temperature, however the effect in the plasma center is much less pronounced.
[1] M. Komm et al., Nucl. Fusion 59 (2019) 106035

Country or International Organization Czech Republic
Affiliation Institute of Plasma Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences

Primary authors

Michael Komm (Institute of Plasma Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences) Mr Davide Mancini (Consorzio RFX, Padua, Italy) Ms Maria Morbey (Science and Technology of Nuclear Fusion Group, Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands) Dr Jordan Cavalier (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) Dr Jiri Adamek (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) Matthias Bernert (Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik) Dr Petra Bilkova (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) Dr Petr Bohm (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) Dr Martin Hron (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) Dr Martin Jerab (Institute of Plasmas Physics of the CAS) Mr Martin Imrisek (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) Dr Diana Naydenkova (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) Dr Radomir Panek (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) Mr Miroslav Sos (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) Dr Petr Vondracek (Institute of Plasma Physics of the CAS) EUROfusion-MST1 Team (See author list at B. Labit et al., Nucl. Fusion 59, 086020 (2019))

Presentation materials