Since 18 of December 2019 uses Nucleus credentials. Visit our help pages for information on how to Register and Sign-in using Nucleus.
13-17 May 2019
Daejeon, Republic of Korea
Europe/Vienna timezone
Meeting Material is now available and accessible from the left-menu

Real-time classification of L-H transition and ELM in KSTAR

13 May 2019, 15:05
Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Daejeon, Republic of Korea

Board: P/1-4
Poster Plasma Control Poster


Giwook Shin (University of Science and Technology)


It has been widely accepted that a high confinement mode(H-mode) operation is necessary for advanced tokamaks or ITER. However, when plasma is in H-mode, the edge localized mode (ELM) occurs at the plasma edge, which release particles and energy [1]. In case of ITER, a full tungsten divertor cannot tolerate the heat load from the type-I ELM [2]. Besides, in terms of plasma density feedback control, the fuel into the plasma cannot be absorbed by gas puffing only due to the edge transport barrier(ETB) and the diagnostic values of the real-time plasma density are abnormally observed by the ELM burst. In order to help to control these problems, an algorithm for classification of L-H transition and the first ELM burst in real-time has been developed with KSTAR campaign data. The algorithm has been firstly verified through off-line version using processed experimental data. After the verification, we found that the algorithm can work in real-time using raw experimental data. In order to classify the L-H transition and the first ELM burst, we applied a method of Long-Short Term Memory(LSTM) [3] which is a special kind of neural network for storing long sequence. $D_\alpha$, a deuterium spectral line of Balmer series, and $\bar{n_e}$, line averaged electron density, in KSTAR [4-6] are used for pattern recognition and learning. The time area in which the algorithm will classify is from ramp-up phase to the ELM phase in the whole plasma discharge because typically, there is no L-H transition in the ramp-up phase and we did not make the algorithm learn H-L back transition. In addition, we tested our trained LSTM network in ITER-compatible environment as part of the ITER-CODAC experiment during 2018 KSTAR campaign [7]. Although the trained network was tested in the different environment, the network worked properly. In conclusion, the result of off-line version showed that the LSTM can remember the sequence of plasma discharge related to L-H transition and ELM. In the real-time version, we found that the algorithm can classify the L-H transition and the first ELM although the raw data is noisier than the processed data.

[1] H. Zohm, The physics of edge localized modes (ELMs) and their role in power and particle exhaust, Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion. 38 (1996) 1213–1223.
[2] R.A. Pitts, et al., A full tungsten divertor for ITER: Physics issues and design status, J. Nucl. Mater. 438 (2013) S48–S56.
[3] S. Hochreiter, J. Schmidhuber, Long Short-Term Memory, Neural Comput. 9 (1997) 1735–1780.
[4] S.H. Son, et al., Verification of Impurity Removal Effect by Ion Cyclotron Wall Conditioning in KSTAR, Transactions of the Korean Nuclear Society Spring Meeting (2013)
[5] Y.U. Nam, K.D. Lee, A 280GHz single-channel millimeter-wave interferometer system for KSTAR, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79 (2008)
[6] M.S. Cheon, et al., Design of a far-infrared interferometer/polarimeter system for Korea Superconducting Tokamak Advanced Research, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75 (2004)
[7] Giil Kwon, Giwook Shin, and Sang-hee Hahn, Real-time parallel stream processing system for KSTAR L/H detection system, KSTAR Conference 2019, Seoul, Korea, 20-22 February 2019

Primary author

Giwook Shin (University of Science and Technology)


June-Woo Juhn (National Fusion Research Institute) Giil Kwon (National Fusion Research Institute) Sang-hee Hahn (National Fusion Research Institute)

Presentation Materials

There are no materials yet.