Since 18 of December 2019 conferences.iaea.org uses Nucleus credentials. Visit our help pages for information on how to Register and Sign-in using Nucleus.
Jul 7 – 10, 2014
IAEA HQ
Europe/Vienna timezone

Nuclear Security Legislation in Hungary – Overview of the National Response Plan to Events with Nuclear or other Radioactive Material out of Regulatory Control

Jul 7, 2014, 4:30 PM
20m
IAEA HQ

IAEA HQ

Vienna International Centre, 1400 Vienna, Austria

Speaker

Dr Z. Stefanka (Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority)

Description

A governmental decree titled ‘Physical protection of nuclear facilities, nuclear material, radioactive sources and radioactive waste and the related licensing and control system’ came into force on 4th of October 2011 regulating the process of developing physical protection systems of a nuclear facility, physical protection of nuclear and other radioactive materials during storage, application and transport, as well as the preparation of the physical protection plan. The aim of the physical protection of nuclear facilities and nuclear materials, radioactive sources and the radioactive wastes in Hungary is to deter, detect and respond to • the sabotage resulting unacceptable radiological consequences; • unauthorized removal of the nuclear material, radioactive sources and radioactive waste; • the unauthorized acquisition of classified data and information in the nuclear facilities and during the use, storage and transport of nuclear materials, radioactive sources and radioactive waste. During the use, storage and transport of nuclear material, radioactive sources and radioactive waste the physical protection system ensures the prevention of approach or unauthorized removal (A-level), minimizing reasonably the possibility of approach or unauthorized removal (B level), reducing the possibility of unauthorized removal (C-level) or applying prudent security measures (D-level). The physical protection system must ensure the effective cooperation of deterrence, detection, delay and response as physical protection functions. The detailed requirements for deterrence, detection, delay and response measures according to the security levels (A, B, C, D) is prescribed in the new decree. The above described governmental decree based on the recommendation of Nuclear Security Series No. 13 and No. 14. Additionally, the National Response Plan to event with nuclear and other radioactive material out of regulatory control has been reviewed according to the Nuclear Security Series No. 15 ("NUCLEAR SECURITY RECOMMENDATIONS ON NUCLEAR AND OTHER RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL OUT OF REGULATORY CONTROL”). The new regulation will be issued in 2014 as a governmental decree. The regulation applies the recommendation of “graded approach” through the application of the levels of response to a nuclear security event, as follows: • Strategic level: In case of radiological emergency the response is determined in the National Emergency Preparedness Plan, which defines the role and responsibility of all competent authorities. • Tactical level: If the incident doesn’t cause a radiological emergency the response is defined in the governmental decree. • Operational level: In case of an incident within the territory of a site the response is the responsibility of the licensee, upon request the competent authority could support the response. Moreover, the response to an event with nuclear and other radioactive material out of regulatory control may differ based on the categories e.g. • Missing: Incidents involving the disappearance of material including theft or loss. • Discovery: Incidents involving discovery/detection of any type or quantity of material which is out of regulatory control (uncontrolled, e.g. orphan source) inside or outside of a site. • Seizure: As a last step of discovery the material can be seized by the competent authority. • Confiscation: In case of unauthorized possession the material can be confiscated by the competent authority. In the presentation the main and relevant features of the Hungarian nuclear security regulatory system the details of the relevant legislation and the role of nuclear forensics will be discussed including the experiences collected during the licensing period from 4th of October 2011. Special attention will be paid to the introduction of the details of the National Response Plan to an illicit trafficking event regulated by the new governmental decree.

Primary author

Dr Z. Stefanka (Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority)

Co-authors

Dr K. Horváth (Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority) Dr Á. Vincze (Hungarian Atomic Energy Authority)

Presentation materials