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22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone

ELM-induced energy and momentum transport in ASDEX Upgrade

26 Oct 2018, 14:00
4h 45m
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Gandhinagar (nearest Airport: Ahmedabad), India
Poster P8 Posters


Dr Eleonora Viezzer (University of Seville)


Heat and momentum transport play a key role in achieving high confinement in fusion plasmas. Recent advances in the diagnostic capabilities at AUG now allow us to measure the edge profiles on a sub-ms to ms time-scale and with a spatial resolution of less than 5 mm, making it ideal to study the profile recovery after an ELM crash. Here, we present the dynamic behaviour of the energy and momentum transport during edge localized mode cycles at the plasma edge of AUG by combining a comprehensive set of pedestal measurements with interpretive and predictive modelling. The main ion temperature and toroidal rotation profiles were measured in helium plasmas with unprecedented temporal resolution of 250 mus. A local increase of Ti close to the separatrix is observed at the ELM onset, thus reducing the gradient in the pedestal, similar to the behaviour in D plasmas [1]. Shortly after the initial separatrix increase, the whole profile drops and then the pedestal starts to build up again. The pre-ELM profile is fully recovered 3-4 ms after the ELM crash. Transport analysis of the ion energy reveals that the ion heat transport is at the neoclassical level before the ELM crash in the region where the edge ion temperature gradient is maximal. Further inwards, the ion heat transport is about a factor of 4-5 above the neoclassical level. The dynamics of the edge ion heat transport during the pedestal build-up after the crash is also consistent with neoclassical theory [2]. Helium plasmas provide the unique opportunity to measure both main ion and impurity flows simultaneously. Compared to the impurity (here nitrogen) toroidal rotation, which exhibits a local minimum at the plasma edge during the inter-ELM phase [3], the edge main ion toroidal rotation has a much less pronounced dip and is rather flat. During the ELM the main ion toroidal rotation in the pedestal drops by about 5-10 km/s. This is in contrast to the behaviour of the impurity toroidal rotation, which shows a flattening of the toroidal dip feature [1]. TRANSP simulations and predictive modelling with ASTRA solving the toroidal momentum balance including diffusion, pinch and external sources are used to quantify how much momentum is transported during the ELM and will be presented. [1] M. Cavedon et al PPCF 59 105007 (2017) [2] E. Viezzer et al NF 58 026031 (2018) [3] T. Pütterich et al PRL 102 (2009)
Paper Number EX/P8-5
Country or International Organization Spain

Primary author

Dr Eleonora Viezzer (University of Seville)


Dr Athina Kappatou (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) Dr Clemente Angioni (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) Mr Diego José Cruz-Zabala (University of Seville) Dr Elisabeth Wolfrum (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) Dr Emiliano Fable (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) Dr Florian Laggner (Princeton University) Dr Francois Ryter (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) Mr Georg Harrer (Institute of Applied Physics, TU Wien) Dr Marco Cavedon (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) Ms Pilar Cano-Megias (University of Seville) Dr Rachael McDermott (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) Dr Ralph Dux (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) Dr Thomas Pütterich (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics) Ms Ulrike Plank (Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics)

Presentation Materials