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22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone

Experimental Measurements of Cryogenic Heat Loads on SST-1 Helium Cryogenic Plant

23 Oct 2018, 08:30
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Gandhinagar (nearest Airport: Ahmedabad), India
Poster FIP - Fusion Engineering, Integration and Power Plant Design P1 Posters


Mr Nitin Bairagi (Institute for Plasma Research)


The SST-1 cryostat houses 130 thermal shields cooled using liquid nitrogen, 16 toroidal field (TF) coils, 9 poloidal field (PF) coils and their associated support structures. Superconducting Magnets System (SCMS) of the SST-1 consisting of TF and PF coils is designed to cool with forced flow supercritical helium (SHe) at 4 bar (a), 4.5 K and a mass flow rate of 300 g/s using helium refrigerator-cum-liquefier (HRL) of 1.3 kW equivalent cold power at 4.5 K. Last several campaigns, we have observed that the TF and PF coils could not be simultaneously cooled to 4.5 K due to heat loads from SCMS exceeding the installed cryogenic capacity of HRL. In order to cool the TF coils system at desired conditions of 4.5 K, we had to isolate PF coils as well as TF Case hydraulics from HRL at intermediate temperatures of ~ 20 K. In this specific case, the PF coils and TF Case surfaces would be at elevated temperatures in the range of 40 K – 50 K. To ascertain overall heat loads from SCMS, its associated supports structure along with the cryogenic distribution system under different cooling scenarios on SST-1 helium cryogenic plant, we have recently conducted a dedicated campaign. In this experiment, we demonstrate cool down of TF magnets in single phase supercritical helium mode to ~ 5 K for the first time. Helium supply pressure, temperature and mass flow rate are measured at the outlet of HRL before it is fed to SCMS while helium return temperature and pressure from SCMS are recorded at return line of HRL. This gives a clear picture of equivalent heat loads on HRL system. The cryogenic heat load is found to be ~ 1286 - 1350 W (+/-3%) at 5.5 K under single phase flow conditions. In the same campaign we have succeeded to cool all the nine PF coils to ~ 5 K by isolating TF coils from HRL for the first time. In this work, we report the experimental measurement procedure, instrumentation details and heat load data analysis. These results serve useful purpose in assessing the net cooling power requirement for the simultaneous cooling of the TF and PF coils and facilitate long duration plasma experiments in future.
Paper Number FIP/P1-19
Country or International Organization India

Primary author

Mr Nitin Bairagi (Institute for Plasma Research)


Mr Ananta Sahu (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Atul Garg (Institute for Plasma Research, Near Indira Bridge, Bhat, Gandhinagar, India 382428) Mr Dasarath Sonara (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Dikens Christian (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Gaurang Mahesuria (Ipr) Mr Gaurav Kumar Singh (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Gaurav Purwar (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Hiren Nimavat (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Jayant Patel (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Ketan Patel (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr L N Srikanth G (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Pankil Shah (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Pradip Panchal (Institute for Plasma Research) Dr R Srinivasan (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Rajiv Sharma (Institute for Plasma Research (An Autonomous Institute under Department of Atomic Energy,Govt. of India)) Dr Raju Daniel (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Rakeshkumar Patel (Institute For Plasma Research) Mr Rohitkumar Panchal (Institute for Plasma Research) Mr Upendra Prasad (Institute for Plasma Research) Dr Vipulkumar Tanna (Institute for Plasma Research)

Presentation Materials