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# 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference - IAEA CN-258

22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone
CONFERENCE MATERIAL NOW AVAILABLE!

## Neutron flux distributions in the LHD torus hall evaluated by an imaging plate technique in the first campaign of deuterium plasma experiment

24 Oct 2018, 08:30
4h
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

#### Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Poster FIP - Fusion Engineering, Integration and Power Plant Design

### Speaker

Dr Makoto Kobayashi (National Institute for Fusion Science)

### Description

In the Large Helical Device, deuterium plasma experiments began in March 2017 and completed in August 2017. In this experimental campaign, about $4×10^{18}$ neurons were generated and activated components in the torus hall. The concentration of radioactive isotopes in the components in the torus hall must be evaluated to estimate the radiation dose for workers and to plan the decommissioning of LHD. For this purpose, the global flux distributions for thermal, epi-thermal and fast neutrons in the torus hall of large fusion devices were experimentally evaluated for the first time in LHD using the activation foil method measured by the imaging plate (IP) and High-purity Germanium detector (HPGe). The thermal neutron flux distribution was concentrated within about 15 m from the center of LHD. In particular, the highest flux was observed at the west region underneath the LHD where an un-borated polyethylene blocks. The borated polyethylene blocks, which works as the decelerator of fast neutron and the absorber of thermal neutron, were placed on the floor underneath the LHD except the west region. It turned out that the thermal neutron was effectively absorbed by borated polyethylene blocks placed beneath the LHD. This should reduce the radioactivity of the floor and is beneficial to maintain good environment for radiation workers. The almost uniform distribution of fast neutron was observed just underneath the LHD. The flux of fast neutron near the LHD was about one order of magnitude higher than that of thermal neutron. The region with high fast neutron flux was narrower compared to that of thermal neutron due to the quick energy loss process of fast neutron. The neutron flux distribution measurement with rough energy discrimination based on the threshold energy of neutron activation foil allows us to estimate the spatial radiation dose rate as well as the radioactivity in components in the torus hall. Therefore, the neutron flux distribution obtained here is conducive to developing the radiation safety in the deuterium plasma experiments comprehensively and to planning the future decommissioning of the LHD.
Country or International Organization Japan FIP/P3-4

### Primary author

Dr Makoto Kobayashi (National Institute for Fusion Science)

### Co-authors

Ms Akemi Kato (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr Gen Motojima (National Institute for Fusion Science) Dr Kunihiro Ogawa (National Institute for Fusion Science) Prof. Masaki Osakabe (National Institute for Fusion Science) Prof. Mitsutaka Isobe (National Institute for Fusion Science) Prof. Sachiko Yoshihashi (Nagoya University) Prof. Takeo NIshitani (National Institute for Fusion Science) Ms Tanaka Tomoyo (Nagoya University)