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22-27 October 2018
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre
Asia/Kolkata timezone

ELM Suppression and Internal Transport Barrier Formation by Krypton Seeding in KSTAR Plasmas

26 Oct 2018, 08:30
Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Mahatma Mandir Conference Centre

Gandhinagar (nearest Airport: Ahmedabad), India
Poster P7 Posters


Mr Juhyeok Jang Jang (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)


Impurity seeding with noble gases, such as krypton (Kr), is regarded as a promising way to mitigate divertor heat loads. In this study, ELMs were successfully suppressed by Kr injection in the KSTAR divertor region and the relation between ELM behaviour and Kr amount was studied in KSTAR plasmas with 0.5 MA plasma current and 2.5 T toroidal field. Figures 1(a)-(c) show the plasma parameters with different levels of Kr injection. After achieving an intermediate level of Kr seeding, ELM crashes were briefly suppressed and grassy ELMs occurred with slight reduction of line-integrated electron density, core electron temperature and stored energy, while there was no effect on ELMs for a low level of Kr. The ELM suppression time became longer at a higher level of Kr injection. Figures 1(d) and 1(e) represent the same background plasma parameters at intermediate and high injection levels seen in Figures 1(b) and 1(c), respectively, but with the presence of on-axis ECH. Compared to Figure 1(c), longer and more stable ELM suppression was possible with a high level of Kr injection with ECH (Figure 1(e)). Detailed analysis including peeling-ballooning stability is on-going to understand the ELM suppression mechanisms with Kr profiles and ECH. At a certain level of Kr injection, an internal transport barrier (ITB) was formed after ELM mitigation and it was maintained until the termination of the plasma. As shown in Figure 2(a), core electron temperature, stored energy and Dα signal gradually decrease after Kr injection at 6.0 s. After a sudden increase of core electron temperature at 10 s, electron and ion temperatures and toroidal rotation profiles show strong central peaking (Figure 2(b)), which are the commonly observed feature of an ITB. Both electron and ion heat diffusivities at the plasma core, obtained by TRANSP calculation, also drop significantly after ITB formation, which suggests the reduction of core thermal transport or improvement of core thermal confinement. Two-dimensional radiation profiles obtained by the imaging bolometer diagnostic show off-axis Kr accumulation after ITB formation, while Kr was accumulated mainly in the plasma core before the ITB. Detailed analysis of Kr impurity transport is on-going to investigate the role of Kr impurity on ITB formation.
Country or International Organization Korea, Republic of
Paper Number EX/P7-8

Primary author

Mr Juhyeok Jang Jang (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)


Prof. Byron Peterson (National Institute of Fusion Science) Dr Changrae Seon (National Fusion Research Institute) Mr Inwoo Song (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)) Mr Jae-Sun Park (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) Dr Jayhyun Kim (National Fusion Research Institute) Dr Jisung Kang (National Fusion Research Institute) Mr Joohwan Hong (KAIST) Dr Kimin Kim (National Fusion Research Institute) Dr Suk-Ho Hong (National Fusion Research Institute) Mr Taemin Jeon (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) Prof. Wonho Choe (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology)

Presentation Materials