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27-31 August 2018
IAEA, Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

HIGH TEMPERATURE EFFECT ON THE MALE GAMETOPHYTE AND THE PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACTIVITY OF TWO CAPSICUM ANNUUM L. CULTIVARS

Not scheduled
15m
IAEA, Vienna

IAEA, Vienna

Poster Mutation breeding for adaptation to climate change in seed propagated crops

Speaker

Dr Yanina Arnaoudova (Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute)

Description

Induced mutagenesis appears as one of the most powerful methods for creating genetic variability to develop starting material for breeding purposes. This also requires extensive research into mutant forms and their hybrid varieties. A prospective trend in selection is the creation of F1 hybrids with high tolerance to abiotic stress. The high temperature (HT) is already a significant factor of the environment when growing different cultural plants and the pollen vitality and pollen fertility occur to be one of the highest temperature stress sensitive indicators. The effect of high temperature stress on two Capsicum annuum L. cultivars: Cv. Zlaten Medal 7 and cv. Yasen F1, which was created based on male sterility obtained by irradiating dry seeds with a range of 60Co doses, has been investigated. In the bud formation-blossoming period the plants were exposed to high temperature treatment in two regimes – 40 ˚С/2 h and 45 ˚С/1 h. More sensitive to high temperatures was the male gametophyte of mutant cv. Yasen F1 in comparison to cv. Zlaten medal 7 in which decisive role over the vitality occurred to be the treatment duration. According to the chlorophyll fluorescence analyses, the two HT regimes result in a change in the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters. The influence of the higher HT value with a shorter impact duration is more pronounced. The mutant nature of Yasen F1 may be the basis for its higher sensitivity to high temperatures.
Country or International Organization Bulgaria

Primary author

Dr Yanina Arnaoudova (Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute)

Co-authors

Prof. Elena Topalova (Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute) Prof. Valentina Valentina (Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute) Prof. Velichka Todorova (Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute) Prof. Veselina Nikolova (Maritsa Vegetable Crops Research Institute)

Presentation Materials

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