Mrs Aisha Al-Kuwari (head of genetic resources dept)Dr ELSAYED ELAZAZI (PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES EXPERT)
Over the past 50 years, induced mutation has played a major role in the development of high genetic variability and helped develop many new superior crop varieties: both in vegetative and seed propagated plants. Heat and salinity are the major abiotic stresses limiting crop production in Qatar. Food availability is an essential situation for food security. Qatar has developed an ambitious strategy to increase crop productivity. Moreover, resource - rich Qatar can play a vital role in the global market for developing novel food production-related technologies, by developing agricultural research. Mutation is an important resource to generate and identify genetic variation of useful traits for improvement crops and native plant. We used one of the general methods for mutation induction using X-rays and gamma irradiation on seeds of some wild plant and wheat varieties treated in the Joint FAO / IAEA Laboratories and germination experiments were conducted in Qatar. We achieve high variation between different treatment and radiation. We found albino in barley after treatment with Gamma ray at 75 Gy, and chlorina (light green), and only wheat and wild plant completed their life cycle.
|Country or International Organization||Mutation breeding, plant genetic resources, generation mutation,chlorina, albino|
Dr ELSAYED ELAZAZI (PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES EXPERT)