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27-31 August 2018
IAEA, Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

MUTATION BREEDING IN CHICKPEA (CICER ARIETINUM L.) FOR INCREASED GENETIC VARIABILITY, IMPROVED QUALITY AND AGRONOMIC TRAITS

Not scheduled
15m
IAEA, Vienna

IAEA, Vienna

Poster Mutation breeding for adaptation to climate change in seed propagated crops

Speaker

Dr Archana Joshi Saha (Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre)

Description

Chickpea is grown worldwide, with its major cultivation area lying in the semi-arid tropics of Asia. Terminal drought is a major abiotic stress for chickpea grown in these areas, causing severe yield losses. Considering the impact of climate change on increasing the severity of terminal drought, this study is focused on inducing genetic variability in chickpea suffering from a narrow genetic base and isolating mutants resilient to terminal drought. A cultivar ‘Vijay’ was irradiated using 200 to 500 Gy gamma rays and electron-beam. Another popular cultivar JAKI9218 was irradiated with 300 Gy gamma rays. The M1 plants were individually harvested and planted as plant-to-row progenies of M2 generation. The selected mutants were grown as plant-to-row progeny in M3 and M4 generation. Agronomically important mutants were identified in M2, including an early maturing mutant (induced by 400 Gy electron-beam) maturing in 80-85 days as compared to parent cv ‘Vijay’ that matures in 90-100 days. Another mutant showed 2-3 fold higher proline accumulation compared to ‘Vijay’. This mutant has elongated phenotype but no adverse effect on plant yield. Proline accumulation might help the plant survive stress conditions. A slow-transpiring mutant of cv JAKI9218 was isolated. The canopy temperature of the mutant (measured using an infrared-thermal camera) confirmed the slow-transpiring phenotype, which can help conserving soil moisture and, hence, a better performance under terminal drought stress. The mutants were found to be true breeding for the traits in advanced generations. Furthermore, both electron-beam and gamma ray-induced mutants accumulating high amounts of iron and/or zinc were also identified. The mutants identified in this study not only constitute an important repository of germplasm useful for basic studies, but also are useful in breeding programs to develop climate resilient varieties.
Country or International Organization India

Primary author

Dr Archana Joshi Saha (Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre)

Co-authors

Mr Golu Misra (Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre) Dr Sreenivasulu Kandali Reddy (Nuclear Agriculture and Biotechnology Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre)

Presentation Materials

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