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27-31 August 2018
IAEA, Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

MUTATION INDUCTION IN IMPROVING RESISTANCE TO DOWNY MILDEW IN QUINOA (CHENOPODIUM QUINOA)

Not scheduled
20m
IAEA, Vienna

IAEA, Vienna

Oral Mutation breeding for adaptation to climate change in seed propagated crops

Speaker

Mrs Luz Gomez -Pando (Professor)

Description

Quinoa is a species native to South America. It is an important crop due to its nutritional characteristics superior to other food crops and its high tolerance do abiotic factors, it is also capable of growing in a wide range of altitudes and annual rainfalls ranging from 200 to 1,000 mm even with prolonged periods of drought. This ability to adapt to marginal conditions makes it crop an alternative to face adverse climate changes. However, its development is limited by a number of factors such as its high susceptibility to pests, highlighting among them the disease downy mildew caused by the fungus Peronospora variabilis. The genetic control of downy mildew can eliminate or significantly reduce the use of fungicides and maintain the organic quality of the national production of great importance for the national and international market. There is evidence in many species that the induction of mutations can induce mutant lines in valuable commercial varieties; those that in addition to having resistance must maintain their potential for performance and quality. Seeds of quinoa cultivar Amarilla Maranganí M3 generation irradiated with gamma ray were used and near to 420000 seedlings were established. Considering the severity of the disease, a group of mutant plants were identified with resistance to downy mildew; 735 plants in the dose of 150 Gy and 701 in the dose of 250 Gy with a frequency of 0.82% and 0.82%; respectively.
Country or International Organization Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Lima -Peru

Primary author

Mrs Luz Gomez -Pando (Professor)

Presentation Materials

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