Since 18 of December 2019 conferences.iaea.org uses Nucleus credentials. Visit our help pages for information on how to Register and Sign-in using Nucleus.
27-31 August 2018
IAEA, Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

ENHANCING EFFICIENCY OF MUTATION BREEDING FOR STRIGA RESISTANCE IN SORGHUM BY HAPLOID TECHNOLOGY

Not scheduled
15m
IAEA, Vienna

IAEA, Vienna

Poster Mutation breeding for adaptation to climate change in seed propagated crops

Speaker

Prof. Mehran Enayati Shariatpanahi (Department of Tissue and Cell Culture, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), 3135933151 Karaj, Iran)

Description

Plant breeding programmes are based on creating genetic variation and selection of desired genotypes. Induced mutation and selection has been used extensively to improve yield, quality, disease and pest resistance in a wide range of crops. Root parasitic weeds in the genus Striga are the major biological constraints to sorghum production in sub-Saharan Africa and parts of Asia. Progress in haploid/doubled haploid production, such as the rapid generation of large microspore-derived haploid populations via androgenesis, may be exploited in mutation breeding. The present study was conducted to develop and apply haploid protocols in sorghum, which has been a recalcitrant species for this procedure. Starvation stress using B medium, cold (4-7°C for 1-7 weeks) and heat shock (30-33°C for 1-6 days) were used as pre-treatments on cultivars/lines KFS 18, ICSR14001, ICSV112 and S-35 (provided by ICRISAT). Microspores were isolated by different isolation procedures (stirrer and blender) and cultured on various induction media (AT3, NLN-13, B5 and N6) and incubated at 30-33°C for 1-6 days and then transferred to 25°C in the dark. For the first time in sorghum microspore embryogenesis was observed: multi-cellular structures were formed when microspores were isolated from cold-pre-treated panicles, and incubated at 33°C/3d then cultured in AT3 induction medium. The protocol developed is being improved to get embryos and finally doubled haploid plants, and then to exploit the system to produce doubled haploid mutants which can be introduced in a mutation induction programme then screened for striga resistance.
Country or International Organization Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII)

Primary authors

Prof. Mehran Enayati Shariatpanahi (Department of Tissue and Cell Culture, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), 3135933151 Karaj, Iran) Ms samira tajedini (1-Department of Tissue and Cell Culture, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), 3135933151 Karaj, Iran; 2- Department of plant breeding and Biotechnology, Zabol University, Zabol, Iran)

Co-authors

Prof. Abdelbagi MUKHTAR ALI GHANIM (Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques In Food and Agriculture Plant Breeding and Genetics Laboratory) Prof. Baratali fakheri (Dept. of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Zabol University, Zabol, Iran) Mrs mahnaz OROOJLOO (Department of Tissue and Cell Culture, Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran) Prof. nafiseh MAHDINEJAD ((Dept. of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Zabol University, Zabol, Iran)

Presentation Materials

There are no materials yet.