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27-31 August 2018
IAEA, Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

INDUCED GENETIC VARIABILITY FOR YIELD AND HEAT TOLERANCE IN TOMATO (SOLANUM LYCOPERSICUM L.)

Not scheduled
15m
IAEA, Vienna

IAEA, Vienna

Poster Mutation breeding for adaptation to climate change in seed propagated crops

Speaker

Mrs Banumaty SARAYE (Food and Agricultural Research and Extension Institute)

Description

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is highly sensitive to heat stress at flowering stage. Flowers drop at high temperature and this may result in 80% yield reduction. Variety MST32/1, commonly grown in Mauritius, is sensitive to heat stress. An improvement program for this variety through gamma irradiation of the seed was undertaken to identify potential high yielding varieties with heat tolerance ability. Irradiation assays were carried out to establish the GR50 dose. 3000 seeds were irradiated at identified GR50 dose (400 Gy) to generate the M1 population. Morphological abnormalities were noted in the M2 generation for plant growth habit, leaf morphology and fruit shape. These included lines exhibiting determinate to semi-determinate growth habit, standard and potato leaf shape and oblong to round fruit shape. The lines were also screened for heat tolerance in controlled condition at 35°C and 26°C. The sub-sequent mutated populations were screened up to M6 generations and selection of candidate mutant lines was made based on plant and fruit characteristics. Selected lines were assessed for yield performance in replicated trials at two different agro-climactic conditions. Twenty mutant candidates exhibiting characteristics which may highly correlate with both, higher yield and heat stress tolerance were identified. An average of 7 to 16 % higher yield was observed in five mutant lines in the replicated trials. Some also exhibited lower yield but higher tolerance to heat stress during controlled condition screens. Two mutant lines based on instantaneous chlorophyll florescence, quantum yield and leaf scorching, were identified as showing heat tolerance ability, which was confirmed in the controlled environmental conditions. Tomato mutants with high yield and heat tolerance characteristics, thus being adapted to climate change will be released to farmers for a constant supply on the market.
Country or International Organization Mauritius

Primary author

Mrs Banumaty SARAYE (Food and Agricultural Research and Extension Institute)

Co-authors

Mr Bradley J. Till (Department of Chromosome Biology, University of Vienna, A-1030 Vienna, Austria) Mrs Joanna Beata Jankowicz-cieslak (Plant Breeding and Genetics Laboratory, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, IAEA Laboratories Seibersdorf, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna International Centre) Ms Rita Devi Nowbuth (Food and Agricultural Research and Extension Institute) Mrs Sabinaz Peerboccus (Food and Agricultural Research and Extension Institute)

Presentation Materials

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