Since 18 of December 2019 conferences.iaea.org uses Nucleus credentials. Visit our help pages for information on how to Register and Sign-in using Nucleus.
27-31 August 2018
IAEA, Vienna
Europe/Vienna timezone

PRODUCTION OF HAPLOID EMBRYOS AND PLANTS IN IRANIAN MELON (CUCUMIS MELO L.) THROUGH IRRADIATED POLLEN-INDUCED PARTHENOGENESIS

Not scheduled
20m
IAEA, Vienna

IAEA, Vienna

Oral Mutation breeding for adaptation to climate change in seed propagated crops

Speaker

Dr LEILA BAGHERI (Nuclear Agriculture School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute-KARAJ/IRAN)

Description

The irradiated pollen technique (IPT) is the most successful haploidization technique within Cucurbitaceae. The influence of gamma ray doses (250, 350, 450 and 550 Gy), genotypes and stage of development of embryos obtained by IPT on the induction of haploid embryos were studied in several Iranian melon cultivars as well as their hybrids with alien cultivars. Female flowers were pollinated using pollen that had been irradiated with gamma rays. Different shapes and stages of embryos were excised 21-25 days after pollination and cultured on E20A medium. Direct culture, liquid culture and integrated culture methods were applied for detected the induced embryos. Integrated culture and liquid culture methods showed advantages in increasing the efficiency of haploid plant production in melon breeding programmes. Results revealed that 550 Gy of gamma-irradiation was successful in inducing parthenogenesis and fruit development, whereas, lower irradiation doses were not effective in inducing haploid embryos. The percent of embryos per seeds were the highest in ‘Samsoori’ (1.2%) and ‘Saveh’ (1.1%) cultivars. Some of the heart-shaped and cotyledon-shaped embryos developed into haploid plants. In total, 52 parthenogenic melon plantlets were recovered from 274 embryos via IPT. Haploid embryos and haploid plants production were strongly influenced by gamma ray dose, embryo stage and genotype. Indirect methods and chromosome counting performed on the root cells of regenerated plants, showed the haploid level (n =x= 12).
Country or International Organization Nuclear Agriculture School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute-Iran

Primary author

Dr LEILA BAGHERI (Nuclear Agriculture School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute-KARAJ/IRAN)

Co-authors

Dr Mahmoud Lotfi (Department of Horticulture, College of Aboureihan, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.) Mr mansor Nori (Nuclear Agriculture School, Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute-KARAJ/IRAN)

Presentation Materials

There are no materials yet.