The availability of skilled staff is a cornerstone of the sustainability of the nuclear energy sector – both in countries already operating nuclear facilities, as well as those introducing nuclear power. Operators of many nuclear power plants, research reactors and radioactive waste management and fuel cycle facilities are seeking operational lifetime extensions, while others are nearing decommissioning. Many of the human resource development needs are common across the nuclear industry. The Conference will review the global situation in human resource development since the 2014 IAEA Conference on this subject; provide a forum for information exchange on national and international policies and practices; discuss the importance of building competence in nuclear safety and security; and provide participants with practical solutions that they can use at organizational, national and international levels to develop and maintain the human resources needed to support safe and sustainable nuclear power programmes. The conference is directed at a broad range of experts in the area of capacity building, human resource development, workforce planning, education and training, knowledge management and knowledge networks for nuclear power programmes.